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    World Map / Information About Tunisia

    Information About Tunisia

    About Tunisia

    Tunisian Republic, associated with the Berber roots, is a country in Africa found at the northern-most end of the continent. Tunis is the largest and capital city hosting the offices of the government and other international organizations. " Liberty, Dignity, Justice, Order" is country's motto with the "Defenders of the Homeland" as the national anthem. Arabic is the language used officially though minor languages such as Tunisian Arabic, Berber and French are also used. President and the prime minister are the state leaders under the unitary unicameral form of governance since 1956 when Tunisia became a free state from the France. Tunisian diner is the nationally used currency, Muslim: the dominating religion and the county uses +216 as the calling code.

    History of Tunisia

    Berber tribes where the first community to settle in the Nile valley Tunisia in 5000 BC and adopted the farming methods from the crescent regions and later spread to the Maghreb. The Arab Muslim constructed the great mosque of Kairouan in the late 7th century and the Fatimids, who conquered Cairo, abandoned Tunisia to zirids where they flourished in industrial trade and agriculture. Barbarossa pasha led the first conquest of Tunis in 1534. The international financial commission controlled the economy of Tunisia in 1869 after the state admitted being bankrupt. Tunisia was forcefully made the French protectorate after the French army forced the acceptance of the terms of the treaty of Bardo in 1888. Habib Bourguiba was the first Tunisian president after managing the state's independence from France in 1956. Constituent assembly elections were held in December 2011 where Moncef was elected as the president. At the end of 2014, the first permanent governmental new constitution was formed and the parliamentary and presidential elections were conducted where Beji Caid became the president.

    Geography of Tunisia

    Tunisia is found in North Africa along the coast of Mediterranean sea. Libya and Tunisia share the Tunisian border on the south-eastern and the western regions respectively. The country has a coastline of about 1498 kilometers and the dorsal edge of the Atlas Mountains cut through the north-eastern parts of Tunisia. The presence of the Sahara desert extension in the southern regions of Tunisia make them semi-arid and desert while the central plains are usually dry and hot. The northern parts of Tunisia are mountainous and as you move to south, you encounter the central plains. Shatt al Gharsah, lying at 17 meters above the sea level is the lowest point while Jebel ech Chambi at 1544 meters is the highest point in Tunisia.

    Climate of Tunisia

    The presence of the Mediterranean Sea in the north modifies the temperate climate in the region to the hot summers from May to September and rainy winters from October to April while the southern parts are desert due to the influence of the Sahara desert. The coastal temperatures are moderate while the interior south the temperatures are high.

    Natural Resources in Tunisia

    The Mediterranean Sea provides the great fishing sites in Tunisia while the Majardah, the only perennial river in the country provides water used for irrigation. The country also has the mineral deposits such as iron ores, zinc and lead. Several wells of petroleum and phosphates deposits are also found within the country's territory.

    Tourist Attraction in Tunisia

    Being a destination for the beach lovers, Tunisia has extended surprises, ancient and current, exotic and indigenous and even the cultural and natural riches which decorate the country's land. The magnificent cities of Tunisia include:
    • Tunis
    • Sfax
    • Sousse
    • Kairouan
    • Ettedhamen
    • Gabes
    The El Djem amphitheater, the only roman amphitheater existing in the world, the Djerba-the picture perfect beach with plenty of chopping opportunities, the cliff-top village of Sidi Bou Said, the Bardo museum housing the mosaic collection are the magnetic sites for the tourists in Tunisia. The Sahara dunes of Grand Erg Oriental, the kairouan monument for the Muslims where the Islamic famous madrassa and mosque are located and the moonscape of the Chott el Djerid will keep your day scheduled for the visit and adventure in those areas.

    Famous Hotels in Tunisia

    Some of the best luxurious, family-friendly and quiet hotels in Tunisia where you can comfortably enjoy your visit in the country include:
    • Novostar Palmyra
    • Hasdrubal Prestige Thalassa and spa
    • Scheherazade hotel Sousse
    • Hotel Riu Palace Oceana Hammamet
    • Hotel Belvedere Fourati
    • Hotel Bel Azur Thalassa

    Tunisia Culture and Cuisine

    Romans, France and other outside groups who interacted with the Tunisian people had a great influence on the culture of the country. Tunisia was greatly linked to contemporary painting from the ancient days of the School of Tunis and up to date, there are more than 50 exhibitions with art galleries of the Tunisians and other international artistes. The Arab Andalusian, religious and the secular music are the practiced in the current Tunisia while the French and the Arabic literature passed to the new generation in the schools. The distinctive spicy fieriness and other culinary ingredients such as the condiments and flavoring dominate the Tunisian cuisine. Farm animals such as beef and chicken; fish and sea foods are the primary sources of proteins while fruits such as oranges and dates, together with various vegetables, accompanies the daily meals enjoyed within the country.

    International and Domestic Airports in Tunisia

    • Djerba-Zarzis international airport
    • Enfidha international airport
    • Gabe's international airport
    • Monastir Bourguiba international airport
    • Tabarka Draham international airport
    • Tunis-Carthage international airport
    Posted By : All Places Map Last Updated: September 13, 2015

    Flag of Tunisia

    Facts about Tunisia

    Independence Day20-Mar-56
    ClimateMediterraneanin north, Arid in south
    Area163,610 sq km
    CurrencyTunisian Dinar (TND)
    Dialling Code216
    NeighboursTunisia, Libya