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    World Map / Information About Trinidad and Tobago

    Information About Trinidad and Tobago

    About Trinidad and Tobago

    The republic of Trinidad and Tobago, a twin island country in South America, is the 3rd richest country in America extending along the South American continental shelf. "Together we aspire, together we achieve" is the country's motto, port of sprain is the largest and the capital city hosting the top governmental offices. Trinidadian Creole and the Tobagonian Creole are some of the regional languages recognized within the state but English is used as the official language. The government of Trinidad and Tobago is as unitary parliamentary constitutional republic with the president and the prime minister being the overall leaders and the parliament treasured as the legislature made of both the Senate and the House of Representatives. The country gained independence in 1962 from the United Kingdom and the Trinidad and Tobago dollar is the commercially used currency.

    History of Trinidad and Tobago

    The South American Amerindians were the original occupants of Trinidad and Tobago. Trinidad was the earliest part of Caribbean to be occupied by the pre-agricultural archaic. Cariban and Arawakan had occupied most parts of Trinidad before the arrival of the Europeans. By the 17th century, Tobago Island had been occupied by the courlanders and the Dutch and started producing cotton and tobacco. Eric Williams became the first prime minister of Trinidad and Tobago after the state gained independence in 1962 and he led the state until he died in 1981. In 1976, the monarchy of the state was abolished and joined the commonwealth but retaining its judicial committee. A military Muslim troop in 1990 stormed the parliament and took Robinson hostage for more than five days. In 1997, Robinson became the president of Trinidad and Tobago under the united nation congress and he was re-elected during the general election held in December 2000.

    Geography of Trinidad and Tobago

    Barbado and Grenada share the maritime boundaries with Trinidad and Tobago in the northeast and northwest respectively while Guyana and Venezuela share the border of the state in the southeast and southwest respectively. Trinidad Island covers an area of about 4768 square kilometers while Tobago covers an area of about 300 square kilometers but other small land forms are also found within the islands. The country has a coastline extending for about 362 kilometers with most parts of the island covered by plains while others have hills and low mountains. The Caribbean Sea lies at zero meters and is the lowest point whiles El Cerro del Aripo is the highest point at 940 meters above the sea level.

    Climate of Trinidad and Tobago

    Trinidad and Tobago experiences tropical climate with the humidity relatively high. The country goes through both the dry and rainy seasons with January and February being the coolest months while April and May are the warmest months. The sea breezes interfere with the climate within the coast, and the temperature varies between the day and night. The northeast trade winds dominate the land. Although the country is not within the hurricane zone, Tobago is sometimes struck by the destructive waves of the hurricane.

    Natural Resources in Trinidad and Tobago

    The commercial petroleum wells are the main source of income in the state through its exportation. The use of petroleum as the source of energy is also substituted by the natural gas available within the state. Lake pitch has large quantities of asphalt deposits and even other natural minerals such as sand and gravel, iron ores, limestone and fluorspar deposits and gypsum are also found within the country.

    Tourist Attraction in Trinidad and Tobago

    Although Trinidad and Tobago fall under the same nation, the two islands differ in the concentration of the natural resources and other attractive scenarios which create a great interest for many tourists over the world.
    The top five cities in Trinidad and Tobago which one can be comfortably accommodated and secured include:
    • Laventille
    • Chaguanas
    • Mon Repos
    • San Fernando
    • Port of Spain
    Palm-fringed beaches such the Marcus bay, the white-sand beaches such as the pigeon point, the colonial-style architecture found in the capital city of the nation and the forest-cloaked mountains creates the beauties of the nation where large population of tourists brush their shoulders. Nature lovers find their way to the Caroni bird sanctuary occupied by the mangrove waterways which are the scarlets ibis nesting place while the Asa Wright nature center in the Aripo valleys has dense forests where the wood creepers, nocturnal oil bird and other avian species of birds are found. The king George fort and the Tobago museum create a clear view of the town while the mount st. Benedict monastery established by the monks form a great landmark in the nation.

    Famous Hotels in Trinidad and Tobago

    The luxury hotels in Trinidad and Tobago with at most security and excellent services to the customers include:
    • Holiday Inn Express Trincity
    • Coco Reef Tobago
    • Magdalena Grand beach and Golf Resort
    • Hilton Trinidad and Conference center
    • Courtyard by Marriott Port of Spain

    Trinidad and Tobago Culture and Cuisine

    There are cultural influences and regional differences between the two islands despite being in the same nation. Carnival celebrations brought by the French is usually confined to the high class and elite in the nation. During Christmas, Diwali (Hindi festival) and Hosay, the parang traditional songs are usually sung. Hindus and Roman Catholics are the dominating religions in the state although smaller religions such as the Muslim and Methodists exist. Indian and African interactions with the Europeans and the Chinese have influenced the cuisine of Trinidad and Tobago. Roasted eggplant and fried long beans are served with thesada roti during the breakfast, African root spicy and creamy callaloo with pumpkins and stew can be consumed over the lunch. Mangoes, pawpaw and watermelons are among the fruits and malt, Guinness beer and citrus juices are among the beverages taken in Trinidad and Tobago.

    International and Domestic Airports in Trinidad and Tobago

    • Piarco international airport
    • A.N.R. Robinson international airport
    • The Crown Point airport
    • Gerald's airport
    Posted By : All Places Map Last Updated: September 13, 2015

    Flag of Trinidad and Tobago

    Facts about Trinidad and Tobago

    CountryTrinidad and Tobago
    ContinentNorth America
    GovernmentParliamentary Democracy
    Independence Day31 August, 1962
    Area5,131 sq km
    CurrencyTrinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
    Dialling Code1-868