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    What happened on May 23 in History

    On this day

    DateWhat happened
    May 23, 1430Burgundians capture Joan of Arc and sell her to the English.
    May 23, 1533Henry VIII’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void.
    May 23, 1618The Thirty Years War begins.
    May 23, 1701Captain William Kidd, the Scottish pirate, is hanged on the banks of the Thames.
    May 23, 1785Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals.
    May 23, 1788South Carolina becomes the eighth state to ratify U.S. Constitution.
    May 23, 1861Pro-Union and pro-Confederate forces clash in western Virginia.
    May 23, 1862Confederate General "Stonewall" Jackson takes Front Royal, Virginia.
    May 23, 1864Union General Ulysses Grant attempts to outflank Confederate Robert E. Lee in the Battle of North Anna, Virginia.
    May 23, 1900Civil War hero Sgt. William H. Carney becomes the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor, thirty-seven years after the Battle of Fort Wagner.
    May 23, 1901American forces capture Filipino rebel leader Emilio Aguinaldo.
    May 23, 1915Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary.
    May 23, 1934Gangsters Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow are killed by Texas Rangers.
    May 23, 1945Heinrich Himmler, the head of the Nazi Gestapo, commits suicide after being captured by Allied forces.
    May 23, 1949The Federal Republic of West Germany is proclaimed.
    May 23, 1960Israel announces the capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina.

    Born on May 23

    May 23, 1707Carolus Linnaeus [Carl von Linné], Swedish botanist.
    May 23, 1734Friedrich Anton Mesmer, physician and hypnotist.
    May 23, 1810Margaret Fuller, writer and critic.
    May 23, 1820James Buchanan Eads, engineer of the Eads Bridge in St. Louis
    May 23, 1875Alfred P. Sloan, Jr., president and chairman of the board for General Motors.
    May 23, 1891Par Lagerkvist, Swedish writer (The Dwarf, Barabbas).
    May 23, 1908John Bardeen, physicist, co-inventor of the transistor.
    May 23, 1910Artie Shaw, bandleader and clarinetist.
    May 23, 1920Helen O’Connell, big band vocalist.
    May 23, 1928Rosemary Clooney, singer.
    May 23, 1934Robert A. Moog, electrical engineer, creator of the Moog synthesizer.
    May 23, 1947Jane Kenyon, poet (Let Evening Come, Otherwise).