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    What happened on June 30 in History

    On this day

    DateWhat happened
    1520Montezuma II is murdered as Spanish conquistadors flee the Aztec capital of Tenochtilan during the night.
    June 30, 1857Charles Dickens reads from A Christmas Carol at St. Martin’s Hall in London–his first public reading.
    1859Jean Francois Gravelet aka Emile Blondin, a French daredevil, becomes the first man to walk across Niagra Falls on a tightrope.
    1908A mysterious explosion, possibly the result of a meteorite, levels thousands of trees in the Tunguska region of Siberia with a force approaching twenty megatons.
    1934Adolf Hitler orders the purge of his own party in the "Night of the Long Knives."
    June 30, 1936Margaret Mitchell’s novel, Gone With the Wind, is published.
    1948John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley demonstrate their invention, the transistor, for the first time.
    June 30, 1960Alfred Hitchcock’s film, Psycho, opens.
    1971Three Soviet cosmonauts die when their spacecreaft depressurizes during reentry.

    Born on June 30

    June 30, 1685John Gay, poet and playwright (The Beggar’s Opera).
    June 30, 1768Elizabeth Kortright, later Elizabeth Monroe, first lady to U.S. President James Monroe.
    June 30, 1911Czeslaw Milosz, Polish poet and critic.
    June 30, 1917Lena Horne, American singer.
    June 30, 1919Susan Hayward, actress.
    June 30, 1926Paul Berg, Nobel Prize-winning biochemist.
    June 30, 1932Mongo Beti, novelist and political writer.