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    World Map / This Day in History / What happened in August / What Happend on August 08

    What happened on August 8 in History

    On this day

    DateWhat happened
    1306King Wenceslas of Poland is murdered.
    August 8, 1570Charles IX of France signs the Treaty of St. Germain, ending the third war of religion and giving religious freedom to the Huguenots.
    August 8, 1636The invading armies of Spain, Austria and Bavaria are stopped at the village of St.-Jean-de-Losne, only 50 miles from France.
    August 8, 1648Ibrahim, the sultan of Istanbul, is thrown into prison, then assassinated.
    August 8, 1786Jacques Balmat and Dr. Michael-Gabriel Baccard become the first men to climb Mont Blanc in France.
    August 8, 1844Brigham Young is chosen to head the Mormon Church, succeeding Joseph Smith.
    August 8, 1863Confederate President Jefferson Davis refuses General Robert E. Lee’s resignation.
    August 8, 1876Thomas Edison patents the mimeograph.
    August 8, 1899The first household refrigerating machine is patented.
    August 8, 1925The first national congress of the Ku Klux Klan opens.
    August 8, 1937The Japanese Army occupies Beijing.
    August 8, 1940The German Luftwaffe attacks Great Britain for the first time, begining the Battle of Britain.
    August 8, 1942U.S. Marines capture the Japanese airstrip on Guadalcanal.
    August 8, 1944U.S. forces complete the capture of the Marianas Islands.
    August 8, 1945The Soviet Union declares war on Japan.
    August 8, 1950U.S. troops repel the first North Korean attempt to overrun them at the battle of Naktong Bulge, which continued for 10 days.
    August 8, 1963England’s "Great Train Robbery;" 2.6 million pounds ($7.3 million) is stolen
    August 8, 1974President Richard Nixon resigns from the presidency as a result of the Watergate scandal.
    August 8, 1978Pioneer-Venus 2 launched to probe the atmosphere of Venus.
    August 8, 1979Iraq’s president Saddam Hussein executes 22 political opponents.
    August 8, 1983Brigadier General Efrain Rios Montt is deposed as president of Guatemala in the country’s second military coup in 17 months.
    August 8, 1988Angola, Cuba and South Africa sign cease-fire treaty in the border war that began in 1966.
    August 8, 1989NASA Space Shuttle Columbia begins its eighth flight, NASA’s 30th shuttle mission.
    August 8, 1990Iraq annexes the state of Kuwait as its 19th province, six days after Iraqi troops invaded Kuwait.
    August 8, 2000Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley raised to surface, 136 years after it sank following its successful attack on USS Housatonic in the outer harbor of Charleston, South Carolina.
    August 8, 2007An EF2 tornado hits Brooklyn, New York, the first in that borough since 1889.
    August 8, 2008Georgia invades South Ossetia, touching off a five-day war between Georgia and Russia.

    Born on August 8

    August 8, 1865Matthew A. Henson, explorer with Robert Peary who first reached the North Pole (Though some recent scholarship disputes this claim).
    August 8, 1883Emilano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary leader.
    August 8, 1896Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, author of The Yearling.
    August 8, 1901Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron and winner of the 1939 Nobel Prize for physics.
    August 8, 1908Arthur J. Goldburg, labor lawyer instrumental in the merger of the Amercian Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations.
    August 8, 1937Dustin Hoffman, American actor.
    August 8, 1948Svetlana Y Savitskaya, Soviet cosmonaut, the first woman to walk in space (July 25, 1984).
    August 8, 1964 M. Ashman, author, co-editor of Tales from the Expat Harem: Foreign Women in Modern Turkey, and a founding member of TED Global, the international organization devoted to Ideas Worth Spreading.