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    World Map / This Day in History / What happened in August / What Happend on August 02

    What happened on August 2 in History





    On this day

    DateWhat happened
    216 BCHannibal Barca wins his greatest victory over the Romans at Cannae. After avidly studying the tactics of Hannibal, Scipio Africanus eventually bested his Carthaginian adversary.
    August 2, 47 BCCaesar defeats Pharnaces at Zela in Syria and declares, "veni, vidi, vici," (I came, I saw, I conquered).
    August 2, 1552The treaty of Passau gives religious freedom to Protestants living in Germany.
    August 2, 1553An invading French army is destroyed at the Battle of Marciano in Italy by an imperial army.
    August 2, 1589During France’s religious war, a fanatical monk stabs King Henry II to death.
    August 2, 1776The Continental Congress, having decided unanimously to make the Declaration of Independence, affixes the signatures of the other delegates to the document.
    August 2, 1790The first US census begins enumerating the population.
    August 2, 1802Napoleon Bonaparte is proclaimed "Consul for Life" by the French Senate after a plebiscite from the French people.
    August 2, 1819The first parachute jump from a balloon is made by Charles Guille in New York City.
    August 2, 1832Troops under General Henry Atkinson massacre Sauk Indian men, women and children who are followers of Black Hawk at the Bad Axe River in Wisconsin. Black Hawk himself finally surrenders three weeks later, bringing the Black Hawk War to an end.
    August 2, 1847William A. Leidesdorff launches the first steam boat in San Francisco Bay.
    August 2, 1862Union General John Pope captures Orange Court House, Virginia.
    August 2, 1862The Army Ambulance Corps is established by Maj. Gen. George McClellan.
    August 2, 1876Wild Bill Hickok is shot while playing poker.
    August 2, 1914Germany invades Luxembourg.
    August 2, 1918A British force lands in Archangel, Russia, to support White Russian opposition to the Bolsheviks.
    August 2, 1923Vice President Calvin Coolidge becomes president upon the death of Warren G. Harding.
    August 2, 1934German President Paul von Hindenburg dies and Adolf Hitler becomes chancellor.
    August 2, 1943Lt. John F. Kennedy, towing an injured sailor, swims to a small island in the Solomon Islands. The night before, his boat, PT-109, had been split in half by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri.
    August 2, 1950The U.S. First Provisional Marine Brigade arrives in Korea from the United States.
    August 2, 1964U.S. destroyer Maddoxis reportedly attacked by North Vietnamese patrol boats.
    August 2, 1965Newsman Morley Safer films the destruction of a Vietnamese village by U.S. Marines.
    August 2, 1990Iraqi forces invade neighboring Kuwait.
    August 2, 1997Author William S. Burroughs (Naked Lunch), considered the godfather of the "Beat Generation" in American literature, dies at age 83.

    Born on August 2

    August 2, 1754Pierre Charles L’Enfant, French engineer who designed the layout of Washington, D.C.
    August 2, 1820John Tyndall, British physicist and the first scientist to show why the sky is blue.
    August 2, 1865Irving Babbitt, scholar and founder of the modern humanistic movement.
    August 2, 1924James Baldwin, writer whose works include Go Tell it on the Mountain and Notes of a Native Son.
    August 2, 1932Peter O’Toole, Irish actor.
    August 2, 1942Isabel Allende, author of The House of the Spirits.
    August 2, 1949James Fallows, writer and editor of U.S. News and World Report.