History of Rwanda
In Rwanda history, for centuries, the Tutsi dominated the Hutus(90% of population). A civil war put an end to Tutsi power. Many Tutsi went into exile. There was large scale massacre of Tutsi. Even then, in 1990, a multi-party democracy was established . Later, a peace treaty was signed. Until then, thousands had died in the war. The President Juvenal had died in a plane crash in April, 1994. Ethnic violence broke out. The Tutsi rebels held 2/3rd of the country. In July, the Tutsi- dominated patriotic front named a Hutu the new President. About one million Hutu refugees flooded back to Rwanda from Tanzania and Zaire. Paul Kagame (sworn in April 2000) is the first Tutsi President of Rwanda.
Geography of RwandaRwanda is divided by great peaks of upto 3000m which run from north to south. Every piece of land is under cultivation, except for parts of Akagera and higher slopes of volcanoes. The virunga volcanoes rising steeply from lake Kivu in west, slopes down to hilly central plateau and further eastwards to an area of marshy lakes. Karisimbi is the highest peak and the lowest point is the Ruzizi river. Lake Kivu is the country's largest main freshwater body. This river valley forms western boundary with Cango. There are also small lakes and rivers like Ruhondo, Burera, Muhazi, Ihema, Mugesera and river Akagera .
Climate of RwandaRwanda is at high altitude. That is why the country has a pleasant tropical highland climate, with a mean daily temperature range of less than 2 degree centigrade. Temperatures vary considerably from region to region. On the central plateau, the average temperature is 21 degree centigrade. Rainfall is heaviest in southwest and lightest in the east. A long rainy season lasts from February to May and a short one from November through December. Given their elevation the cloud forests of northern Rwanda are generally moist throughout the year.
Natural Resources in RwandaNatural resources of Rwanda are gold, methane, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), hydropower, arable land.
Tourist Attraction in RwandaMajor cities of Rwanda are Kigali (capital), Ruhengeri, Gisenyi, Cyangugu, Kibliye, Huye, Gashora.
Famous tourist spots in Rwanda are - Nyungwe forest, Lake Kivu, Nyamata church, Ntaraina church, Akagera National park, Volcanoes National park, Kigali memorial centre, National museum, Virunga mountain, volcanoes, Inema art center.
Famous Hotels in RwandaMajor hotels are Step town motel, Hotel Muhabura, Grand Legacy hotel, Hotel Paradis Malahide, Kigali Serena hotel, Lake Kivu serena hotel, Hotel villa Portofino Kigali, Hotel Chez lando, Crorilla's nest hotel, The Manor hotel, City blue hotel, Lemiga hotel, Dereva hotel, Nobleza hotel, Hotel Isimbi, Hotel Okapi.
Rwanda CuisineRwandan staples include bananas, plantains, pulses, sweet potatoes, beans, and cassava (Manioc). Other dishes are Ugali (maise paste), Isombe (mashed cassava leaves with dried fish), matoke (baked plantains), Ibihaza (pumpkin), Ikinyiga (Groundnut paste), Umustima wuburo (Millet flour paste). Most Rwandans do not eat meat more than a few times a month.
Milk is a common drink. Also fruit juice, wine and beer. Women do not take beer or wine.
Rwanda CultureMain languages are Kinyarwanda, English, French, Swahili. Rwanda is the most densely populated and poorest country. The people are usually Christians and Muslims. Major ethnic groups are Hutu, Tutsi and Twa. Over 90% of people work in subsistence agriculture and live in rural areas. Majority of Rwandans do not have indoor plumbing, electricity, running water etc.
Traditional games of Rwanda are high jump, the board game igisoro and targeting with bow and arrow and sharp sticks. Most popular sport in Rwanda is Soccer (football).
Rwandans celebrate major Christian holy days such as Christmas (December 25), Easter (March or April). They also observe other Roman Catholic festivals, including Ascension Day (forty days after Easter) and All Saints' day (1st November). Among traditional festivals a harvest ritual called Umuganura is still celebrated in August.
Posted By : All Places Map Last Updated: November 11, 2015
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Facts about Rwanda
|Area||26,338 sq km|
|Currency||Rwandan franc (RWF)|
|Neighbours||Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Uganda|