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    World Map / About France

    About France

    About France

    France, officially known as the French Republic is a sovereign state the territory of which consists metropolitan France in West Europe and in addition several regions and territories overseas. The metropolitan area extends from the English Channel to the Mediterranean Sea and the North Sea and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Rhine. The territories overseas constitute French Guiana in South America and islands in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans. The system in France is that of a Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic and its capital is in Paris, which is the country's largest city and main commercial and cultural centre. Several other major urban centres include Marseille, Lyon, Lille, Nice, Toulouse and Bordeaux.

    France is globally counted in one of the great powers in the world, and it is one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to VETO and it is also is an official nuclear-weapon state.
    It is also a leading member of the European Union and the Eurozone. Apart from these, it is also a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.

    Cuisine in France

    The French cuisine is known for its finest class in taste and luxury in the world. In reference to the regions, the traditional recipes are quite different, the Northern side of the country prefers using butter as fat for cooking, whereas olive oil is more commonly used in the South. Each region of France has iconic traditional specialities: Cassoulet in the Southwest, Choucroute in Alsace, Quiche in the Lorraine region, Beef bourguignon in the Bourgogne, provençal Tapenade, etc. France is most renowned for its products like wines, including Champagne, Bordeaux, Bourgogne, and Beaujolais as well as a large variety of different cheeses, such as Camembert, Roquefort and Brie, the varieties of which are nearly endless.

    Tourism and Architecture in France

    There are 37 sites in France as inscribed in the UNESCO's World Heritage List and features cities of high cultural interest, beaches and seaside resorts, ski resorts, and rural regions that many enjoy for their exceptional beauty, serenity and tranquility (green tourism). There is a list of the over 200 gardens classified by the French Ministry of Culture known and labeled as the "Remarkable Gardens". This label is intended to protect and promote remarkable gardens and parks. It also attracts many pilgrims on their way to St. James, Lourdes, a town in the Hautes-Pyrénées that hosts several million visitors a year. Another major destination are the Châteaux of the Loire Valley, this World Heritage Site is noteworthy for its architectural heritage, in its historic towns but in particular its castles (châteaux), such as the Châteaux d'Amboise, de Chambord, d'Ussé, de Villandry, Chenonceau, and Montsoreau.

    The top most visited paid-entry tourist attractions in France are:
    • Disneyland, Paris
    • The Louvre, Paris
    • Château de Versailles, near Paris
    • The Eiffel Tower Paris
    • The Georges Pompidou centre and museum of art, Paris
    • Orsay museum of the 19th century Paris
    • La Villette science museum, Paris
    • Natural History Museum Paris
    • Arc de Triomphe, Paris
    • Futuroscope theme park, Poitiers
    • Parc Astérix - Parc Astérix theme park Plailly north of Paris
    • Puy du Fou theme park Vendée
    • Grand Palais, Paris
    • Musée de l'Armée, Paris
    • Musée du Quai Branly, Paris
    • Chateau and museum of the Dukes of Brittany - Nantes
    • Mont Saint-Michel, Brittany
    • Lille zoo, Lille
    • Musée Carnavalet, Paris
    • Sainte Chapelle, Paris
    • Aquarium, La Rochelle, Charente Maritime (western France)
    • Mer de Glace rack-and-pinion railway, Chamonix, Alps
    • La Palmyre zoo, Charente Maritime (western France)
    • Musée Grévin waxworks, Paris
    • Château de Chambord, Loire Valley (Centre region)
    • Boat trip round old Strasbourg (Alsace)

    Flag of France

    Facts about France

    Independence DayN/A
    ClimateTemperate Maritime, Subarctic and Mediterranean
    Area674,843 sq km
    CurrencyEuro (EUR)
    Dialling Code33
    NeighboursAndorra, Belgium, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Monaco, Spain, Switzerland