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    Europe - smallest continent

    Europe - Smallest continent of world

    The area of Europe is about 10,180,000 square kilometres or 3,930,000 sq mi. Europe is divided into fifty sovereign states. The climate of Europe is usually affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe.


    Vegetation and Geography

    The natural vegetation in Europe is a type of mixed forest. The growth conditions for vegetation are much favourable. In the north, the Gulf Stream and North Atlantic Drift warm the continent. The Southern Europe has a warm, but mild climate.
    There are frequent droughts during summer in this region. These are affected by mountain ridges. The rain falls primarily on the side of mountains that is oriented towards the sea, forests grow well on this side, while on the other side, and the conditions are much less favourable. Few corners of mainland Europe have not been grazed by livestock at some point in time, and the cutting down of the pre-agricultural forest habitat caused disruption to the original plant and animal ecosystems.

    Fauna in Europe

    As for the animals, in many parts of the European continent most of the large animals and predator species have been hunted down to extinction. The mammoth or more specifically known as the woolly mammoth was extinct before the end of the Neolithic period. Today wolves and bears are listed as endangered. They were once used to be found in most of the parts of Europe. Deforestation and hunting caused these animals to withdraw further and further.

    Famous attractions in Europe

    There are many amazing natural scenery in the entire European continent, some of the natural scenic of Europe are enlisted below:
    • Cliffs of Moher – Ireland
    • Cairngorms National Park in Scotland – United Kingdom
    • The Verdon Gorge – France
    • Chamonix – France
    • Matterhorn – The Swiss-Italian Border
    • The Dolomites – Italy
    • Douro River Valley – Portugal
    • Cabo de Gata-Nνjar Natural Park – Spain