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    World Map / Information About Austria

    Information About Austria

    About Austria

    Austria, officially acknowledged as the Republic of Austria, having its capital at Vienna, National Motto – AEIOU (Austriaeestimperareorbiuniverse – Its Austria’s Destiny to Rule the World), National Anthem – Land der Berge, Land am Strome (Land of mountains, land by the stream), National Flower – Edelweiss, Barn Swallow, ranks 115th in terms of area, 94th in terms of population and 15th in economy in the world.

    History of Austria

    Austria’s history dates back many years ago. The land was first inhabited by Otzi people. Later there werethe Hallstatts and the Celtic Latenes who formed the Kindom Noricum. The Noricum Kingdom was then conquered by the Romans and they made the people of Austria prosperous by making roads and cities.

    Austria had been under attacks of the Barbarian tribes in the 6th and 7th century which amalgamated them with Bavarian and Slavonic population. Though the name Austria was achieved in the year 976 when the empire was under the rule of the Babenberg House to protect it from the Aware and Hungarians.

    Austria was converted from waste land to the centre of medieval art, music, and literature under the Babenbergs. They made Vienna its capital in 1156. Though their rule was short lived and the reign was seized from them by the Habsburg family. Being rulers of the Sacred Roman Empire and through the policy of strategic marriages, the Habsburgs ruled as the super power of Europe having their territory across Southern Germany, Spain, Burgundy and Southern Italy.

    Though, in the 16th century, the Habsburgs had their decline. This was followed by the two great invasions of the Turks in Vienna in 1529 and 1683.
    With the end of the 18th century, Vienna Congress was formed after the Napoleonic Wars. During this period Austria peaked in terms of intellectuality and cultural enrichment after it was made a part of the German Union.
    The 1st World War started with the assassination of the Archduke of Austria by a Serbian and the 1st World War resulted in devastating consequences for the country. There were numerous casualties and the economy was completely demolished. Soon after the war Austria was declared a Fascist Nation under the governance of the Conservatives.
    The conservatives had the Socialists and the Nazis prosecuted. Austria was amalgamated with the Nazi-Germany. Then the Jewish population was terminated from the country. The 2nd World War also had pathetic consequences with 3 million casualties. Hitler was also an Austrian being killed in the 2nd World War.

    The country was turned to a waste land again after the 2nd World War having most of its infrastructure destroyed which were rebuilt with international help. Austria further maintained a neutral status and regained sovereignty in 1955. Soon it became the centre for International Organisation like the UN.
    Austria is a socialist democracy at present and enjoys lavish lifestyle.

    Geography of Austria

    Austria is a land locked country demarcated by Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia. The terrain is mostly mountainous having the young Alps though it has the Pannonian Plains in the east and the Bohmerwald to the northern part of the river Danube which is a lower granite range. The country comprises a total area of 83,871 sq. kms.

    The highest point of Austria is Grossglockner (3,798m) and
    The lowest point is Neusiedler See (115m).
    The longest river of the country is the Danube River (2,857km).

    Climate of Austria

    The climate of Austria is mostly temperate. The Eastern part has warm summers but chilly winters and the other parts of the country experiences Atlantic Temperate climate. The average summer temperatures are 25oC and the winter can be as cold as -3o C. The common natural disaster is the Avalanche as a result of the warm Fohn Wind from the African Sahara moving northwards.

    Natural Resources in Austria

    The natural resources of Austria are oil, timber, iron ore, lignite, antimony, copper, zinc, graphite, magnesite and tungsten.

    Famous Cities of Austria

    • Vienna
    • Graz
    • Linz
    • Salzburg
    • Innsbruck
    • Klagenfurt
    • Villach
    • Wels
    • Sankt Polten
    • Doenbirn

    Tourist Attraction in Austria

    • Schonbrunn Palace
    • Hallstatt
    • Grossglockner Alpine Road
    • St Anton am Arlberg
    • Innsbruck Altstadt
    • Hofburg Imperial Palace
    • Hohensalzburg Castle
    • Seefeld Tyrol
    • Vienna State Opera
    • Melk Abbey

    Famous Hotels in Austria

    • Altstadt Vienna
    • Art & Relax Hotel Bergwelt
    • Bentley’s House
    • Das Tyrol
    • Grand TiroliaKitzbohel
    • Grossarler Hof
    • HoteldorfGruner Baum
    • Hotel Tannenhof
    • JagdgutWachtelhof
    • Kristiana Lech

    Austria Cuisine

    The Austrian cuisine is a amalgamation of the influences of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire. Some of the most popular dishes of Austria are
    • KarntnerKasnudeln
    • Styrian Pot Roast
    • WachauerMarillenknodel
    • Tafelspitz
    • Wiener Schnitzel
    • Wiener Apfelstrudel (deserts)
    • Palatschinken (pancakes)
    • Jagertee (tea)

    International and Domestic Airports in Austria

    Some of the important airports of Austria are:
    Posted By : All Places Map Last Updated: August 08, 2015
    Flag of Austria

    Facts about Austria

    Governmentconstitutional monarchy
    Independence Day12-Nov-18
    Area83,855 sq km
    CurrencyEuro (EUR)
    Dialling Code43
    NeighboursCzech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland