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    Africa: The continent of future

    Africa: The continent of future

    The first word that strikes when we talk about Africa is the Safari. Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent. With an area of about 30.3 million square kilometres (11.7 million square miles) including the adjacent islands, it covers nearly 6% of the Earth's total surface area and 20% of its total land area. With 1.2 billion people, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.


    The continent includes Madagascar and various other archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere.

    While most people associate with Africa is safaris, there are many other possibilities for adventure. One can go for purchasing crafts in markets, take a tour into the Sahara with an SUV or a caravan, visit the pygmy villages, and take a walk through the jungle to witness the life of the gorillas, take a majestic view of the tropical islands in the Indian Ocean and many more.

    Africa: Climate, Art and Culture

    The African climate ranges from tropical to subarctic. The northern half is primarily desert while its southern areas contain both savannah plains and denser rainforest. It is also the hottest continent on earth and approximately 60% of the land surface consists of drylands and deserts.

    The population of Africa has increased over the last 4 decades and it is relatively young. In some of the African States about more than half of the population is under the age of 25 years.

    An estimate of over 1000 languages are spoken in Africa most of which are African origin and some are European and Asian origin. It is the most multilingual continent in the world and they speak fluently multiple African languages and European languages as well.

    The African art and the architecture, it reflects the diversity of African countries. Being one of the places on earth with vast biodiversity, it attracts a major portion of the tourism.

    Africa: Music and Dance

    The place that has long been a cultural focus of the Arab world is Egypt. There was a conglomeration of various styles, modern samba, blues, jazz, reggae, hip hop, and rock throughout the period of 1950s to the 1970s with the popularity of Afrobeat and Highlife music.

    The modern style of music of the continent includes the highly complex choral singing of southern Africa and the dance rhythms of soukous, and the music of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Indigenous musical and dance traditions of Africa are maintained by oral traditions, and they are distinct from the music and dance styles of North Africa and Southern Africa. Arab influences are visible in North African music and dance and, in Southern Africa, Western influences are apparent due to colonization.

    Africa: Sports

    In Africa, 54 African countries have their football teams in the Confederation of African Football. The African Cup was won by Egypt seven times, and a record-making three times in a row. Cameroon, Nigeria, Senegal, Ghana, and Algeria have advanced to the knockout stage of recent FIFA World Cups. South Africa hosted the 2010 World Cup tournament, becoming the first African country to do so.