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    World Map / This Day in History / What Happend on September 14

    What Happend on September 14




    YearEvent
    1146Zangi of the Near East is murdered. The Sultan Nur ad-Din, his son, pursues the conquest of Edessa.
    1321Dante Alighieri dies of malaria just hours after finishing writing Paradiso.
    1544Henry VIII’s forces take Boulogne, France.
    1773Russian forces under Aleksandr Suvorov successfully storm a Turkish fort at Hirsov, Turkey.
    1791Louis XVI swears his allegiance to the French constitution.
    1812Napoleon Bonaparte’s invasion of Russia reaches its climax as his Grande Armee enters Moscow–only to find the enemy capital deserted and burning, set afire by the few Russians who remained.
    1814Francis Scott Key writes the words to the "Star Spangled Banner" as he waits aboard a British launch in the Chesapeake Bay for the outcome of the British assault on Fort McHenry during the War of 1812.
    1847U.S. forces under Gen. Winfield Scott capture Mexico City, virtually bringing the two-year Mexican War to a close.
    1853The Allies land at Eupatoria on the west coast of Crimea.
    1862At the battles of South Mountain and Crampton’s Gap, Maryland Union troops smash into the Confederates as they close in on what will become the Antietam battleground.
    1901Vice President Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as the 26th President of the United States upon the death of William McKinley, who was shot eight days earlier.
    1911Russian Premier Piotr Stolypin is mortally wounded in an assassination attempt at the Kiev opera house.
    1943German troops abandon the Salerno front in Italy..
    1960Iraq, Iran, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia form OPEC.
    1966Operation Attleboro, designed as a training exercise for American troops, becomes a month-long struggle against the Viet Cong.
    1975Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton becomes the first native-born American saint in the Roman Catholic Church.
    1979Nur Muhammad Taraki, president and former prime minister of Afghanistan, is assassinated in a coup in which prime minister Hafizullah Amin seizes power.
    1982Bachir Gemayel, president-elect of Lebanon, is killed along with 26 others in a bomb blast in Beirut.
    1984Joe Kittinger, a former USAF fighter pilot during the Vietnam War, becomes the first person to pilot a gas balloon solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
    1994Major League Baseball players strike over a salary cap and other proposed changes, forcing the cancellation of the entire postseason and the World Series.
    2007Northern Rock Bank suffers the UK’s first bank run in 150 years.

    Born on September 14

    1769Baron Freidrich von Humbolt, German naturalist and explorer who made the first isothermic and isobaric maps.
    1849Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist who studied dogs’ responsiveness.
    1860Hamlin Garland, author who wrote about the Midwest in novles such as A Son of the Middle Border and The Book of the American Indian.
    1864Lord Robert Cecil, one of the founders of the League of Nations and its president from 1923 to 1945.
    1867Charles Dana Gibson, illustrator, creator of the ‘Gibson Girl.’
    1879Margaret Sanger, birth-control advocate and founder of Planned Parenthood.
    1898Hal B. Wallis, film producer (The Maltese Falcon, Casablanca).
    1921Constance Baker Motley, first African-American woman to be appointed a federal judge.
    1930Allan Bloom, writer (The Closing of the American Mind).
    1934Kate Millet, feminist writer, author of Sexual Politics.
    1936Ferid Murad, Albanian-American physician and pharmacologist, is co-winner of Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his research on nitroglycerin’s effects the cardiovascular system.
    1948Marc Reisner, author and environmentalist best known for his book Cadillac Desert, a history of water management in the Western portion of the US.
    1955Geraldine Brooks, Australian-American journalist and author; her novel March won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction (2005).
    1961Wendy Thomas (Melinda "Wendy" Thomas Morse), namesake, mascot and spokesperson for the Wendy’s chain of fast-food restaurants.
    1983Amy Winehouse, singer-songwriter; her five Grammy wins (out of six nominations) for her Back to Black album (2006) tied the existing record for most wins by a female artist in a single night; won Brit Award for Best British Female Artist (2007).