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    World Map / This Day in History / What Happend on October 13

    October 13 in History

    54Nero succeeds his great uncle Claudius, who was murdered by his wife, as the new emperor of Rome.
    1307Members of the Knights of Templar are arrested throughout France, imprisoned and tortured by the order of King Philip the Fair of France.
    1399Henry IV of England is crowned.
    1670Virginia passes a law that blacks arriving in the colonies as Christians cannot be used as slaves.
    1775The Continental Congress authorizes construction of two warships, thus instituting an American naval force.
    1776Benedict Arnold is defeated at Lake Champlain.
    1792President George Washington lays the cornerstone for the White House.
    1812At the Battle of Queenston Heights, a Canadian and British army defeats the American who have tried to invade Canada.
    1849The California state constitution, which prohibits slavery, is signed in Monterey.
    1903Boston defeats Pittsburgh in baseball’s first World Series.
    1904Sigmund Freud’s The Interpretation of Dreams is published.
    1942In the first of four attacks, two Japanese battleships sail down the slot and shell Henderson field on Guadalcanal, in an unsuccessful effort to destroy the American Cactus Air Force.
    1943Italy declares war on Germany.
    1944Troops of the advancing Soviet Army occupy Riga, capital of Latvia.
    1946The Fourth Republic begins in France; will continue to 1958.
    1958First appearance of Paddington Bear, now a beloved icon of children’s literature.
    1967First game of the fledgling American Basketball Association; Oakland Oaks beat Anaheim Amigos 134-129 in Oakland, Cal.
    1972Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashes in the Andes Mountains, near the Argentina-Chile border; only 16 survivors (out of 45 people aboard) are rescued on Dec. 23.
    1976Dr. F.A. Murphy at Center for Disease Control obtains the first electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle.
    1983The Space Shuttle Challenger, carrying seven, the largest crew to date, lands safely at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
    1990The Lebanese Civil War ends when a Syrian attack removes Gen. Michel Aoun from power.
    2010After being underground for a record 69 days, all 33 miners trapped in a Copiapo, Chile, mine are rescued.

    Born on October 13

    1784Ferdinand VII, king of Spain.
    1817William Kirby, Canadian writer.
    1853Lillie Langtry, British actress.
    1890Conrad Richter, novelist and short story writer.
    1907Yves Allégret, French film director (Dédée d’Anvers, Une si jolie petite plage).
    1909Herblock (Herbert Lawrence Block), multiple Pulitzer Prize-winning political cartoonist.
    1910Ernest Kellogg Gann, pilot and adventure novelist (Island in the Sky, The High and Mighty).
    1910Art Tatum, American jazz pianist.
    1925Margaret Thatcher, the first female UK prime minister (1979-1990).
    1926Ray Brown, jazz bass player.
    1930Bruce Geller, screenwriter, producer, actor; won two Emmys as the writer, producer and director of the Mission Impossible TV series.
    1939Melinda Dillon, actress, best known for her role as Ralphie’s mother in the TV classic A Christmas Story (1983).
    1941Paul Simon, singer, songwriter, musician, producer; rose to fame as half of the Simon & Garfunkel duo; to date (2013) he has received 12 Grammys including a Lifetime Achievement Award (2001); Time magazine included him in its 2006 special "100 People Who Shaped the World."
    1947Sammy Hagar, "The Red Rocker," singer, songwriter, musician; replaced David Lee Roth as lead singer of the band Van Halen.
    1959Marie Osmond, singer ("Paper Roses"), songwriter, actress; co-hosted TV variety show Donny & Marie with her brother Donny (1976-79).
    1960Ari Fleischer, White House Press Secretary for Pres. George W. Bush (2001-03).
    1967Kate Walsh, actress (Grey’s Anatomy, Private Practice TV series).
    1969Nancy Kerrigan, figure skater; won Olympic bronze (1992) and silver (1994) medals; US National Champion 1993; on Jan. 6, 1994, she was clubbed on the knee in an attack intended to aid one of her skating rivals.