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    World Map / This Day in History / What happened in November / What Happend on November 09

    November 9 in History

    1799Napoleon Bonaparte participates in a coup and declares himself dictator of France.
    1848The first U.S. Post Office in California opens in San Francisco at Clay and Pike streets. At the time there are only about 15,000 European settlers living in the state.
    1900Russia completes its occupation of Manchuria.
    1906President Theodore Roosevelt leaves Washington, D.C., for a 17-day trip to Panama and Puerto Rico, becoming the first president to make an official visit outside of the United States.
    1914The Australian light cruiser HMAS Sydney wrecks the German cruiser Emden, forcing her to beach on a reef on North Keeling Island in the Indian Ocean.
    1918Germany is proclaimed a republic as the kaiser abdicates and flees to the Netherlands.
    1935Japanese troops invade Shanghai, China.
    1938Nazis kill 35 Jews, arrest thousands and destroy Jewish synagogues, homes and stores throughout Germany. The event becomes known as Kristallnacht, the night of the shattered glass.
    1965Roger Allen LaPorte, a 22-year-old former seminarian and a member of the Catholic worker movement, immolates himself at the United Nations in New York City in protest of the Vietnam War.
    1965Nine Northeastern states and parts of Canada go dark in the worst power failure in history, when a switch at a station near Niagara Falls fails.
    1967NASA launches Apollo 4 into orbit with the first successful test of a Saturn V rocket.
    1972Bones discovered by the Leakeys push human origins back 1 million years.
    1983Alfred Heineken, beer brewer from Amsterdam, is kidnapped and held for a ransom of more than $10 million.
    1989The Berlin Wall is opened after dividing the city for 28 years.
    1993Stari Most, a 427-year-old bridge in the city of Mostar in Bosnia and Herzegovina, is destroyed, believed to be caused by artillery fire from Bosnian Croat forces.
    1994The chemical element Darmstadtium, a radioactive synthetic element, discovered by scientists in Darmstadt, Germany.
    1998Largest civil settlement in US history: 37 brokerage houses are ordered to pay $1.3 billion to NASDAQ investors to compensate for price fixing.
    2007German Bundestag passes controversial bill mandating storage of citizens’ telecommunications traffic date for six months without probable cause.

    Born on November 9

    1818Ivan Turgenev, Russian author (Fathers and Sons, A Month in the Country).
    1841Edward VII, King of England, who succeeded his mother Victoria in 1901.
    1853Stanford White, architect whose designs include Madison Square Garden and Washington Arch.
    1886Ed Wynn, actor and comedian.
    1918Spiro Agnew, vice president to Richard Nixon.
    1923James Schuyler, poet, novelist and playwright.
    1924Robert Frank, photographer.
    1928Anne Sexton, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet.
    1934Carl Sagan, American astronomer and writer.
    1936Mary Travers, singer, songwriter; member of Vocal Group folk group Peter, Paul and Mary ("Puff the Magic Dragon," "If I Had a Hammer").
    1941Tom Fogerty, musician; guitarist with Creedence Clearwater Revival.