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    June 14 in History

    1381The Peasant’s Revolt, led by Wat Tyler, climaxes when rebels plunder and burn the Tower of London and kill the Archbishop of Canterbury.
    1642Massachusetts passes the first compulsory education law in the colonies.
    1645Oliver Cromwell’s army routs the king’s army at Naseby.
    1775The U.S. Army is founded when the Continental Congress authorizes the muster of troops.
    1777The Continental Congress authorizes the "stars and stripes" flag for the new United States.
    1789Captain William Bligh of the HMS Bounty arrives in Timor in a small boat. He had been forced to leave his ship when his crew mutinied.
    1846A group of settlers declare California to be a republic.
    1864At the Battle of Pine Mountain, Georgia, Confederate General Leonidas Polk is killed by a Union shell.
    1893The city of Philadelphia observes the first Flag Day.
    1907Women in Norway win the right to vote.
    1919John William Alcot and Arthur Witten Brown take off from St. John’s, Newfoundland, for Clifden, Ireland, on the first nonstop transatlantic flight.
    1922President Warren G. Harding becomes the first president to speak on the radio.
    1927Nicaraguan President Porfirio Diaz signs a treaty with the U.S. allowing American intervention in his country.
    1932Representative Edward Eslick dies on the floor of the House of Representatives while pleading for the passage of the bonus bill.
    1940German forces occupy Paris.
    1942The Supreme Court rules that requiring students to salute the American flag is unconstitutional.
    1944Boeing B-29 bombers conduct their first raid against mainland Japan.
    1945Burma is liberated by the British.
    1949The State of Vietnam is formed.
    1951UNIVAC, the first computer built for commercial purposes, is demonstrated in Philadelphia by Dr. John W. Mauchly and J. Prosper Eckert, Jr.
    1954Americans take part in the first nation-wide civil defense test against atomic attack.
    1965A military triumvirate takes control in Saigon, South Vietnam.
    1982Argentina surrenders to the United Kingdom ending the Falkland Islands War.
    1985Gunmen hijack a passenger jet over the Middle East.
    1989Congressman William Gray, an African American, is elected Democratic Whip of the House of Representatives.
    1995Chechen rebels take 2,000 people hostage in a hospital in Russia.

    Born on June 14

    1811Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (Uncle Tom’s Cabin).
    1820John Bartlett, editor, compiler of Barlett’s Familiar Quotations.
    1855Robert Marion "Fighting Bob" La Follette, reform movement leader, Governor of Wisconsin, U.S. Senator and Progressive Party presidential candidate.
    1906Margaret Bourke-White, American photojournalist.
    1925Pierre Salinger, press secretary for John F. Kennedy.
    1933Jerzy Kosinski, Polish-American novelist (The Painted Bird, Being There).
    1946Donald Trump, New York real estate mogul.