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    July 14 in History

    1223In France, Louis VIII succeeds his father, Philip Augustus.
    1430Joan of Arc, taken prisoner by the Burgundians in May, is handed over to Pierre Cauchon, the bishop of Beauvais.
    1456Hungarians defeat the Ottomans at the Battle of Belgrade, in present-day Yugoslavia.
    1536France and Portugal sign the Treaty of Lyons, aligning themselves against Spain.
    1789The Bastille, a fortress in Paris used to hold political prisoners, is stormed by a mob.
    1798The Sedition Act is passed by the U.S. Congress.
    1864At Harrisburg, Mississippi, Federal troops under General Andrew Jackson Smith repulse an attack by General Nathan Bedford Forrest.
    1900European Allies retake Tientsin, China, from the rebelling Boxers.
    1933Nazi Germany promulgates the Law for the Protection of Hereditary Health–the begining of the Euthanasia program.
    1938Howard Huges and crew set a new world record for an around-the-world flight.
    1940A force of German bombers attacks Suez, Egypt, from bases in Crete.
    1941Vichy French Foreign Legionaries sign an armistice in Damascus, allowing them to join the Free French Foreign Legion.
    1945American battleships and cruisers bombard the Japanese home islands for the first time.
    1951The George Washington Carver National Monument in Joplin, Missouri becomes the first national park honoring an African American.
    1964The United States sends 600 more troops to Vietnam.
    Born on July 14
    1858Emmeline Pankhurst, founder of the Women’s Social and Political Union.
    1860Owen Wister, novelist (The Virginian).
    1903Irving Stone, biographical novelist.
    1904Isaac Singer, Polish-born American writer.
    1912Woodrow Wilson “Woody” Guthrie, American folk singer.
    1913Gerald Ford, 38th President of the United States (1974-1977).
    1916Natalia Ginzberg, Italian novelist (The Dry Heat, Family Sayings).
    1918Ingmar Bergman, Swedish film director (The Seventh Seal, Fanny and Alexander).
    1918Arthur Laurents, writer and librettist.