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    What happened on July 13 in History

    DateWhat happened
    July 13, 1099The Crusaders launch their final assault on Jerusalem.
    July 13, 1534Ottoman armies capture Tabriz in northwestern Persia.
    July 13, 1558Led by the court of Egmont, the Spanish army defeats the French at Gravelines, France.
    July 13, 1585A group of 108 English colonists, led by Sir Richard Grenville, reaches Roanoke Island, North Carolina.
    July 13, 1643In England, the Roundheads, led by Sir William Waller, are defeated by Royalist troops under Lord Wilmot in the Battle of Roundway Down.
    July 13, 1754George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to the French, leaving them in control of the Ohio Valley.
    July 13, 1787Congress, under the Articles of Confederation, enacts the Northwest Ordinance, establishing rules for governing the Northwest Territory, for admitting new states to the Union and limiting the expansion of slavery.
    July 13, 1798English poet William Wordsworth visits the ruins of Tintern Abbey.
    July 13, 1832Henry Schoolcraft discovers the source of the Mississippi River in Minnesota.
    July 13, 1862Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeats a Union army at Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
    July 13, 1863Opponents of the draft begin three days of rioting in New York City.
    July 13, 1866The Great Eastern begins a two week voyage to complete a 12-year effort to lay telegraph cable across the Atlantic between Britain and the United States.
    July 13, 1878The Congress of Berlin divides the Balkans among European powers.
    July 13, 1939Frank Sinatra records his first song, "From the Bottom of my Heart," with the Harry James Band.
    July 13, 1941Britain and the Soviet Union sign a mutual aid pact, providing the means for Britain to send war materiel to the Soviet Union.
    July 13, 1954In Geneva, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, the People’s Republic of China and France reach an accord on Indochina, dividing Vietnam into two countries, North and South, along the 17th parallel.
    July 13, 1971The Army of Morrocco executes 10 leaders accused of leading a revolt.

    Born on July 13

    July 13, 1793John Clare, English poet.
    July 13, 1886Edward J. Flanagan, Catholic priest, founder of Boys’ Town.
    July 13, 1928Robert N.C. Nix, Jr., first African-American chief justice of a state supreme court.
    July 13, 1933David Storey, English novelist (The Sporting Life).
    July 13, 1934Wole Soyinka, Nobel Prize-winning Nigerian playwright.
    July 13, 1935Jack Kemp, football player, politician.