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    What happened on July 12 in History

    On this day

    DateWhat happened
    July 12, 1096Crusaders under Peter the Hermit reach Sofia in Hungary.
    July 12, 1691William III defeats the allied Irish and French armies at the Battle of Aughrim, Ireland.
    July 12, 1794British Admiral Lord Nelson loses his right eye at the siege of Calvi, in Corsica.
    July 12, 1806The Confederation of the Rhine is established in Germany.
    July 12, 1941Moscow is bombed by the German Luftwaffe for the first time.
    July 12, 1954President Dwight D. Eisenhower proposes a highway modernization program, with costs to be shared by federal and state governments.
    July 12, 1957The U.S. surgeon general, Leroy E. Burney, reports that there is a direct link between smoking and lung cancer.
    July 12, 1974G. Gordon Liddy, John Ehrlichman and two others are convicted of conspiracy and perjury in connection with the Watergate scandal.
    July 12, 1984Democratic presidential candidate Walter Mondale chooses Geraldine Ferraro as his running mate.

    Born on July 12

    July 12, 100 BCGaius Julius Caesar, Roman general and statesman.
    July 12, 1817Henry David Thoreau, essayist, naturalist and poet (Walden).
    July 12, 1854George Eastman, photography pioneer.
    July 12, 1884Amadeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor.
    July 12, 1895Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian opera singer.
    July 12, 1895R. Buckminster Fuller, architect and engineer.
    July 12, 1904Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet and political activist (Residence on Earth).
    July 12, 1908Milton Berle, comedian, actor.
    July 12, 1917Andrew Wyeth, American painter.
    July 12, 1934Van Cliburn, American concert pianist.
    July 12, 1937Bill Cosby, comedian, actor.