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    What happened on July 10 in History




    DateWhat happened
    1520The Spanish explorer Cortes is driven from Tenochtitlan and retreats to Tlaxcala.
    July 10, 1609The Catholic states in Germany set up a league under the leadership of Maximillian of Bavaria.
    July 10, 1679The British crown claims New Hampshire as a royal colony.
    July 10, 1747Persian ruler Nadir Shah is assassinated at Fathabad.
    July 10, 1776The statue of King George III is pulled down in New York City.
    July 10, 1778In support of the American Revolution, Louis XVI declares war on England.
    July 10, 1850Millard Fillmore is sworn in as the 13th president of the United States following the death of Zachary Taylor.
    July 10, 1890Wyoming becomes the 44th state.
    July 10, 1893Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performs the first successful open-heart surgery, without anesthesia.
    July 10, 1925The trial of Tennessee teacher John T. Scopes opens, with Clarence Darrow appearing for the defense and William Jennings Bryan for the prosecution.
    July 10, 1940Germany begins the bombing of England.
    July 10, 1942General Carl Spaatz becomes the head of the U.S. Air Force in Europe.
    July 10, 1943American and British forces complete their amphibious landing of Sicily.
    July 10, 1945U.S. carrier-based aircraft begin airstrikes against Japan in preparation for invasion.
    July 10, 1951Armistice talks between the United Nations and North Korea begin at Kaesong.
    July 10, 1960Belgium sends troops to the Congo to protect whites as the Congolese Bloodbath begins, just 10 days after the former colony became independent of Belgian rule.
    July 10, 1962The satellite Telstar is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, beaming live television from Europe to the United States.
    July 10, 1965“(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction” becomes the Rolling Stones’ first No. 1 single in the USA.
    July 10, 1967Singer Bobbie Gentry records “Ode to Billie Joe,” which will become a country music classic and win 4 Grammys.
    July 10, 1976In Seveso, near Milan, Italy, an explosion in a chemical factory covers the surrounding area with toxic dioxin. Time magazine has ranked the Seveso incident No. 8 on its list of 10 worst environmental disasters.
    July 10, 1985Coca-Cola Co. announces it will resume selling “old formula Coke,” following public outcry and falling sales of its “new Coke.”
    July 10, 1991Boris Yeltsin is sworn in as the first elected president of the Russian Federation, following the breakup of the USSR.
    July 10, 1993Kenyan runner Yobes Ondieki becomes the first man to run 10,000 meters in less than 27 minutes.
    Born on July 10
    July 10, 1509John Calvin, Protestant religious leader, founder of Calvinism.
    July 10, 1830Camille Pissarro, French painter.
    July 10, 1834James Abbott McNeil Whistler, painter.
    July 10, 1871Marcel Proust, French novelist (Remembrance of Things Past).
    July 10, 1875Mary McLeod Bethune, educator, founder of Bethune-Cookman College and the National Council of Negro Women.
    July 10, 1905Ivie Anderson, jazz singer.
    July 10, 1915Saul Bellow, writer.
    July 10, 1920David Brinkley, broadcaster.
    July 10, 1927David Dinkins, first African-American mayor of New York City.
    July 10, 1931Alice Munro, Canadian writer (Open Secrets, Friend of my Youth).
    July 10, 1933Jerry Herman, songwriter.
    July 10, 1943Arthur Ashe, American tennis player.
    July 10, 1947Folk singer Arlo Guthrie (“Alice’s Restaurant,” “City of New Orleans”), son of Woody Guthrie.
    July 10, 1965Alexia, princess of Greece and Denmark.
    July 10, 1980Adam Petty, race driver, first fourth-generation driver in NASCAR history; his death in 2000 contributed to NASCAR’s decision to mandate a kill switch on steering wheels.