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    July 3 in History

    1775George Washington takes command of the Continental Army.
    1790In Paris, the Marquis of Condorcet proposes granting civil rights to women.
    1844American ambassador Caleb Cushing successfully negotiates a commercial treaty with China.
    1863Confederate forces attack the center of the Union line at Gettysburg, but fail to break it.
    1878John Wise flies the first dirigible in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
    1901The Wild Bunch, led by Butch Cassidy, commits its last American robbery near Wagner, Montana, taking $65,000 from a Great Northern train.
    1903The first cable across the Pacific Ocean is spliced between Honolulu, Midway, Guam and Manila.
    1944The U.S. First Army opens a general offensive to break out of the hedgerow area of Normandy, France.
    1945U.S. troops land at Balikpapan and take Sepinggan airfield on Borneo in the Pacific.
    1950U.S. carrier-based planes attack airfields in the Pyongyang-Chinnampo area of North Korea in the first air-strike of the Korean War.
    1954Food rationing ends in Great Britain almost nine years after the end of World War II.
    1962Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American to be inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame.
    1967North Vietnamese soldiers attack South Vietnam’s only producing coal mine at Nong Son.
    Born on July 3
    1683Edward Young, English poet, dramatist and literary critic (Night Thoughts).
    1844Dankmar Adler, architect and engineer.
    1871William Henry Davies, Welsh poet.
    1878George M. Cohan, American entertainer and songwriter.
    1883Franz Kafka, Prague-born German novelist (The Metamorphosis, The Trail).
    1908M.F.K. Fisher, food writer.
    1912Elizabeth Taylor, novelist and short story writer.
    1921Francois-Arnold Reichenbach, documentary filmmaker.
    1937Tom Stoppard, British playwright (Rosencrantz and Gilderstern are Dead).