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    What happened on July 1 in History

    DateWhat happened
    69Vespasian, a Roman army leader, is hailed as a Roman emperor by the Egyptian legions.
    July 1, 1543England and Scotland sign the Peace of Greenwich.
    July 1, 1596An English fleet under the Earl of Essex, Lord Howard of Effingham and Francis Vere capture and sack Cadiz, Spain.
    July 1, 1690Led by Marshall Luxembourg, the French defeat the forces of the Grand Alliance at Fleurus in the Netherlands.
    July 1, 1777British troops depart from their base at the Bouquet river to head toward Ticonderoga, New York.
    July 1, 1798Napoleon Bonaparte takes Alexandria, Egypt.
    July 1, 1838Charles Darwin presents a paper on his theory of evolution to the Linnean Society in London.
    July 1, 1862Union artillery stops a Confederate attack at Malvern Hill, Virginia.
    July 1, 1863In the first day’s fighting at Gettysburg, Federal forces retreat through the town and dig in at Cemetery Ridge and Cemetery Hill.
    July 1, 1867Canada, by the terms of the British North America Act, becomes an independent dominion.
    July 1, 1876Montenegro declares war on the Turks.
    July 1, 1898American troops take San Juan Hill and El Caney, Cuba, from the Spaniards.
    July 1, 1916The Battle of the Somme begins. Approximately 30,000 men are killed on the first day, two-thirds of them British.
    July 1, 1942Axis troops capture Sevastapol, Crimea, in the Soviet Union.
    July 1, 1945The New York State Commission Against Discrimination is established–the first such agency in the United States.
    July 1, 1950American ground troops arrive in South Korea to halt the advancing North Korean army.
    July 1, 1961British troops land in Kuwait to aid against Iraqi threats.
    July 1, 1963The U.S. postmaster introduces the ZIP code.
    July 1, 1966The U.S. Marines launch Operation Holt in an attempt to finish off a Vietcong battalion in Thua Thien Province in Vietnam.
    Born on July 1
    July 1, 1649Gottfried Von Leibniz, German philosopher and mathematician.
    July 1, 1804George Sand (Amandine-Aurore Lucille Dupin), French novelist.
    July 1, 1876Susan Glaspell, playwright, (Alison’s House).
    July 1, 1892James M. Cain, author (The Postman Always Rings Twice, Mildred Pierce).
    July 1, 1899Thomas Dorsey, American songwriter, singer and pianist, the “father of gospel music.”
    July 1, 1902William Wyler, film director (The Best Years of Our Lives, Ben Hur).
    July 1, 1903Amy Johnson, English aviator.
    July 1, 1915Willie Dixon, blues musician.
    July 1, 1915Sydney Pollack, film director (Tootsie, Out of Africa).
    July 1, 1915Jean Stafford, American writer (The Mountain Lion).
    July 1, 1916Roland Robert Tuck, British fighter ace during World War II.
    July 1, 1961Diana Frances Spencer, Princess of Wales.