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    World Map / This Day in History / What Happend on July 10

    July 10 in History

    1520The Spanish explorer Cortes is driven from Tenochtitlan and retreats to Tlaxcala.
    1609The Catholic states in Germany set up a league under the leadership of Maximillian of Bavaria.
    1679The British crown claims New Hampshire as a royal colony.
    1747Persian ruler Nadir Shah is assassinated at Fathabad.
    1776The statue of King George III is pulled down in New York City.
    1778In support of the American Revolution, Louis XVI declares war on England.
    1850Millard Fillmore is sworn in as the 13th president of the United States following the death of Zachary Taylor.
    1890Wyoming becomes the 44th state.
    1893Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performs the first successful open-heart surgery, without anesthesia.
    1925The trial of Tennessee teacher John T. Scopes opens, with Clarence Darrow appearing for the defense and William Jennings Bryan for the prosecution.
    1940Germany begins the bombing of England.
    1942General Carl Spaatz becomes the head of the U.S. Air Force in Europe.
    1943American and British forces complete their amphibious landing of Sicily.
    1945U.S. carrier-based aircraft begin airstrikes against Japan in preparation for invasion.
    1951Armistice talks between the United Nations and North Korea begin at Kaesong.
    1960Belgium sends troops to the Congo to protect whites as the Congolese Bloodbath begins, just 10 days after the former colony became independent of Belgian rule.
    1962The satellite Telstar is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, beaming live television from Europe to the United States.
    1965“(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction” becomes the Rolling Stones’ first No. 1 single in the USA.
    1967Singer Bobbie Gentry records “Ode to Billie Joe,” which will become a country music classic and win 4 Grammys.
    1976In Seveso, near Milan, Italy, an explosion in a chemical factory covers the surrounding area with toxic dioxin. Time magazine has ranked the Seveso incident No. 8 on its list of 10 worst environmental disasters.
    1985Coca-Cola Co. announces it will resume selling “old formula Coke,” following public outcry and falling sales of its “new Coke.”
    1991Boris Yeltsin is sworn in as the first elected president of the Russian Federation, following the breakup of the USSR.
    1993Kenyan runner Yobes Ondieki becomes the first man to run 10,000 meters in less than 27 minutes.
    Born on July 10
    1509John Calvin, Protestant religious leader, founder of Calvinism.
    1830Camille Pissarro, French painter.
    1834James Abbott McNeil Whistler, painter.
    1871Marcel Proust, French novelist (Remembrance of Things Past).
    1875Mary McLeod Bethune, educator, founder of Bethune-Cookman College and the National Council of Negro Women.
    1905Ivie Anderson, jazz singer.
    1915Saul Bellow, writer.
    1920David Brinkley, broadcaster.
    1927David Dinkins, first African-American mayor of New York City.
    1931Alice Munro, Canadian writer (Open Secrets, Friend of my Youth).
    1933Jerry Herman, songwriter.
    1943Arthur Ashe, American tennis player.
    1947Folk singer Arlo Guthrie (“Alice’s Restaurant,” “City of New Orleans”), son of Woody Guthrie.
    1965Alexia, princess of Greece and Denmark.
    1980Adam Petty, race driver, first fourth-generation driver in NASCAR history; his death in 2000 contributed to NASCAR’s decision to mandate a kill switch on steering wheels.