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    World Map / This Day in History / What happened in January / What Happend on January 12

    January 12 in History

    1872Russian Grand Duke Alexis goes on a gala buffalo hunting expedition with Gen. Phil Sheridan and Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer.
    1879The British-Zulu War begins. British troops — under Lieutenant General Frederic Augustus — invade Zululand from the southern African republic of Natal.
    1908A wireless message is sent long-distance for the first time from the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
    1913Kiel and Wilhelmshaven become submarine bases in Germany.
    1915The U.S. Congress establishes Rocky Mountain National Park.
    1926U.S. coal talks break down, leaving both sides bitter as the strike drags on into its fifth month.
    1927U.S. Secretary of State Kellogg claims that Mexican rebel Plutarco Calles is aiding communist plot in Nicaragua.
    1932Oliver Wendell Holmes retires from the Supreme Court at age 90.
    1938Austria recognizes the Franco government in Spain.
    1940Soviet bombers raid cities in Finland.
    1943Soviet forces raise the siege of Leningrad.
    1952The Viet Minh cut the supply lines to the French forces in Hoa Binh, Vietnam.
    1962The United States resumes aid to the Laotian regime.
    1973Yassar Arafat is re-elected as head of the Palestinian Liberation Organization.
    1982Peking protests the sale of U.S. planes to Taiwan.
    1991The U.S. Congress gives the green light to military action against Iraq in the Persian Gulf Crisis.
    1998Nineteen European nations agree to prohibit human cloning.
    2010An earthquake in Haiti kills an estimated 316,000 people.
    Born on January 12
    1588John Winthrop, the first governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony.
    1737John Hancock, first signer of the Declaration of Independence.
    1876Jack London, American writer (The Call of the Wild).
    1893Hermann Goering, Nazi leader, commander of the Luftwaffe.
    1903Igor Kurchatov, Russian physicist, known as the “father of the Soviet atomic bomb.”
    1905Tex Ritter, singer, actor (“Have I Told You Lately that I Love You?”).
    1907Sergi Korolev, engineer, lead rocket engineer and spacecraft designer for the Soviet Union during the 1950s and ’60s; often called the “father of practical astronautics”.
    1916P.W. Botha, first State President of South Africa (1984-89).
    1923Ira Hays, one of the US Marines photographed in the iconic image of raising a flag on Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima; member of the Pima tribe; portrayed himself in the movie Sands of Iwo Jima.
    1926Ray Price, singer; leader in the “Nashville sound” movement that introduced lush arrangements into country music recording (“The Same Old Me,” “For the Good Times”).
    1938Qazi Hussain Ahmad, former Emir of Jamaat-e-Islami, right-wing party in Pakistan; vocal critic of US counterterrorism policy.
    1946Cynthia Robinson, musician, vocalist with the psychedelic soul/funk band Sly and the Family Stone.
    1949Michael W. Vannier, radiologist; played important role in advancing three-dimensional imaging and surgical planning.
    1951Kirstie Alley, actress; won Emmy and Golden Globe as the leading actress in the TV series Cheers.
    1951Rush Limbaugh, conservative radio talk show host, political commentator and author; a leading voice in the US neo-conservative movement.
    1954Howard Stern, radio personality, author, TV show host; noted as a “shock jock” for his controversial comments on air.
    1968Heather Mills, model, charity campaigner; continued modeling with a prosthetic limb after a leg amputation due to a traffic accident and founded Heather Mills Health Trust to assist amputees; married to former Beatle Sir Paul McCartney (2003–2008).