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    World Map / This Day in History / What happened in August / What Happend on August 11

    August 11 in History

    991Danes under Olaf Tryggvason kill Ealdorman Brihtnoth and defeat the Saxons at Maldon.
    1492Rodrigo Borgia is elected to the papacy as Pope Alexander VI.
    1792A revolutionary commune is formed in Paris, France.
    1856A band of rampaging settlers in California kill four Yokut Indians. The settlers had heard unproven rumors of Yokut atrocities.
    1862President Abraham Lincoln appoints Union General Henry Halleck to the position of general in chief of the Union Army.
    1904German General Lothar von Trotha defeats the Hereros tribe near Waterberg, South Africa.
    1906In France, Eugene Lauste receives the first patent for a talking film.
    1908Britain’s King Edward VII meets with Kaiser Wilhelm II to protest the growth of the German navy.
    1912Moroccan Sultan Mulai Hafid abdicates his throne in the face of internal dissent.
    1916The Russia army takes Stanislau, Poland, from the Germans.
    1929Babe Ruth hits his 500th major league home run against the Cleveland Indians.
    1941Soviet bombers raid Berlin but cause little damage.
    1942The German submarine U-73 attacks a Malta-bound British convoy and sinks HMS Eagle, one of the world’s first aircraft carriers.
    1944German troops abandon Florence, Italy, as Allied troops close in on the historic city.
    1965A small clash between the California Highway Patrol and two black youths sets off six days of rioting in the Watts area of Los Angeles.
    1972The last U.S. ground forces withdraw from Vietnam.
    1975US vetoes admission of North and South Vietnam to UN.
    1978Funeral of Pope Paul VI.
    1984Carl Lewis wins four Olympic gold medals, tying the record Jesse Owens set in 1936.
    1988Al Qaeda formed at a meeting in Peshawar, Pakistan.
    1989Voyager 2 discovers two partial rings around Neptune.
    1990Troops from Egypt and Morocco arrive in Saudi Arabia as part of the international operation to prevent Iraq from invading.
    1999A tornado in downtown Salt Lake City, Utah, kills one person.
    2003Temperatures rise to 112 degrees Fahrenheit (44 degrees Celsius); over 140 people die in the heat wave.
    2003NATO assumes command of the international peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, its first major operation outside Europe.

    Born on August 11

    1833Robert G. Ingersoll, advocate of scientific realism and humanistic philosophy.
    1862Carrie James Bond, songwriter who wrote "I Love You Truly" and "A Perfect Day."
    1861James Bryan Herrick, physician who first described sickle-cell anemia.
    1892Hugh MacDiarmid, poet and founder of the Scottish Nationalist Party.
    1921Alex Haley, genealogist and author of Roots.
    1933Jerry Falwell, founder of the conservative political lobbying organization, the Moral Majority.
    1943Kenny Gamble, songwriter, record producer; a pioneer of the "Philadelphia Sound"  ("Ain’t Gonna Love Nobody," "Me and Mrs. Jones").
    1946Marilyn Vos Savant, author, columnist, playwright; "Highest IQ (Women)" Guinness Book of World Records, 1986-1989 (category retired in 1990).
    1950Steve Wozniak, co-founder of Apple Computer.
    1950Gennidy Nikonov, inventor of AN-94 assault rifle.
    1953Hulk Hogan, wrestler, actor (Assault on Devil’s Island); World Wrestling Federation heavyweight champion, 1984-89.