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    World Map / This Day in History / What Happend on August 13

    August 13 in History

    1521Cortes captures the city of Tenochtitlan, Mexico, and sets it on fire.
    1630Emperor Ferdinand II dismisses Albert Eusebius van Wallenstein, his most capable general.
    1680War starts when the Spanish are expelled from Santa Fe, New Mexico, by Indians under Chief Pope.
    1704The Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene of Austria defeat the French Army at the Battle of Blenheim.
    1787The Ottoman Empire declares war on Russia.
    1862Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeats a Union army under Thomas Crittenden at Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
    1881The first African-American nursing school opens at Spelman College in Atlanta, Georgia.
    1889The first coin-operated telephone is patented by William Gray.
    1892The first issue of the Afro American newspaper is published in Baltimore, Maryland.
    1898Manila, the capital of the Philippines, falls to the U.S. Army.
    1910British nurse Florence Nightingale, famous for her care of British soldiers during the Crimean War, dies.
    1932Adolf Hitler refuses to serve as Franz Von Papen’s vice chancellor.
    1948During the Berlin Airlift, the weather over Berlin becomes so stormy that American planes have their most difficult day landing supplies. They deem it ‘Black Friday.’
    1961Construction begins on Berlin Wall during the night.
    1963A 17 year-old Buddhist monk burns himself to death in Saigon, South Vietnam.
    1978Bomb attack in Beirut during Second Lebanese Civil War kills more than 150 people.
    1989The wreckage of a plane that carried U.S. congressman Mickey Leland and others on a humanitarian mission is found on a mountain side in Ethiopia; there are no survivors.
    1993US Court of Appeals rules Congress must save all emails.

    Born on August 13

    1655Johann Christoph Denner, inventor of the clarinet.
    1818Lucy Stone, woman’s rights activist, founder of Woman’s Journal.
    1860Phoebe Anne Moses, later known as Annie Oakley, a sharpshooter and entertainer.
    1899Alfred Hitchcock, director of over 50 films including Rebecca, Rear Window, Psycho and North by Northwest.
    1902Felix Wankel, inventory of the rotary engine which bears his name.
    1912Ben Hogan, American golfer.
    1916Daniel Schorr, radio and television correspondent.
    1926Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary leader and president.
    1930Don Ho, Hawaii’s best-known musician and singer ("Tiny Bubbles").
    1933Jocelyn Elders, first African American US Surgeon General (Sept 1993–Dec 1994).
    1940Ann Armstrong Daily, founder of Children’s Hospice international.
    1942Robert Lee Stewart, US Army brigadier general and astronaut.
    1951Dan Fogelberg, multiple-platinum singer-songwriter.
    1952Herb Ritts, photographer who revolutionized fashion photography in the 1980s and created many iconic photos of celebrities.