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    World Map / This Day in History / What Happend on April 22

    April 22 in History

    296St. Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope.
    536St. Agapitus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope.
    1500Pedro Alvarez Cabral discovers Brazil.
    1509Henry VIII ascends to the throne of England upon the death of his father, Henry VII.
    1529Spain and Portugal divide the eastern hemisphere in the Treaty of Saragosa.
    1745The Peace of Fussen is signed.
    1792President George Washington proclaims American neutrality in the war in Europe.
    1861Robert E. Lee is named commander of Virginia forces.
    1889The Oklahoma land rush officially starts at noon as thousands of Americans race for new, unclaimed land.
    1898In the first action of the Spanish-American War, the USS Nashville, takes on a Spanish ship.
    1915At the Second Battle of Ypres, the Germans use poison gas for the first time.
    1918British naval forces attempt to sink block-ships in the German U-boat bases at the Battle of Zeeburgge.
    1931Egypt signs treaty of friendship with Iraq.
    1944Allies launch major attack against the Japanese in Hollandia, New Guinea.
    1954The Senate Army-McCarthy hearings begin. They are broadcast on television.
    1955Congress orders all U.S. coins to bear the motto "In God We Trust."
    1976Barbara Walters becomes the first female nightly news anchor on network television.
    1995In Africa, Rwandan troops kill thousands of Hutu refugees in Kibeho.

    Born on April 22

    1451Isabella I of Castile, Queen of Spain, patron of Christopher Columbus.
    1707Henry Fielding, English novelist (Tom Jones).
    1724Immanuel Kant, German philosopher.
    1870Vladimir Ilich Lenin (Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov), leader of the Bolshevik Revolution (1917) and first head of the U.S.S.R.
    1873Ellen Glassgow, American novelist.
    1876O.E. Rolvaag, novelist (Giants in the Earth).
    1899Vladimir Nabokov, Russian novelist (Lolita).
    1904J. Robert Oppenheimer, physicist, director of the Manhattan Project.
    1916Yehudi Menuhin, violinist.
    1918Robert Wadlow, the world’s tallest man (8’11.1").
    1922Charles Mingus, jazz bassist.
    1943Louise Gluck, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet.