History of Suriname
Plantation agriculture was the initial basis of the colony's economy. The Dutch established many plantations and imported large numbers of Africans to work as slaves. The chief crops were sugarcane, indigo, cotton, etc. Slavery in Suriname was noted for its severity.Under colonial caves masters had the greatest possible authority; still slave escapes were a constant problem for the planters. These Maroons attacked the plantations in order to acquire goods. Later, Suriname was occupied by the British in1799, after the Nether Lands were incorporated in France, and returned to the Dutch in 1799.
In 1973 the Dutch government started independence negotiations with the local government, led by the NPS, which was granted on November 25, 1975. In 1985, the ban on opposition parties was lifted and work began on devising a new constitution.
Geography of SurinameSuriname is the smallest sovereign country in South America. It is located in northern South America and is part of the Caribbean, South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana. It is mostly covered by tropical rain forest, containing a great diverse flora and fauna that, for the most part, are increasingly threatened by new development. There is a relatively small population, most of which live along the coast. It lies mostly between northern latitudes and western longitudes. There are many mountain ranges and two main ranges between them are Bakhyus Mountains and the Van Asch Wicks Mountains. The highest range above sea level is Juliana top.
Climate of SurinameThe climate is tropical and moist, as it lies 2 degree to 5 degree north of the equator. The day time, temperature ranges from 28 degree to 32 degree C. At night the temperature drops as low as 21 degree C because of the moderating influence of the northeast trade winds, which blow in from the sea all year. The annual rainfall is about 230 cm. May to August is the main rainy season, with a lesser rainy season from November to February. There are two dry seasons, from August to November and February to April.
Natural Resources in SurinameTimber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite and gold, small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum and iron ore are some of the natural resources found in Suriname.
Tourist Attraction in SurinameTourism plays a vital role in the development of the economy of the country. It was founded on the 13th May, 1996 by the Ministry of Transport, Communication and Tourism and Chamber of Commerce and Industry. The famous tourist places of the country are:
- Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul.
- Hotel industry, Rental of apartments.
- Pristine Amazonian rain forest.
- Central Suriname Natural Reserve.
- Brownsburg Nature Park.
- Brokopondo Reservoir, Tonka island, River and the Wontobo Falls.
- Natural Reserves such as Tafelberg, Voltzberg.
Famous Hotels in Suriname
- Torarica Hotel
- Tropical Palace
- Hotel Palacio
- Kekemba Resort
- Hotel Stardust
- North Resort Hotel
- Sheva Hotel
- Eco Resort Inn.
Suriname CuisineSuriname like its neighbor Guinea & French Guinea has a very rich & interesting cuisine quite different from the rest of South America. Suriname was a Dutch colony until the 1970's and the Dutch brought Indonesian and East Indian laborers to work on their plantations. These workers made their dishes with locally available ingredients. Their cooking gradually blended with native and European dishes and all of this together became modern Suriname cuisine.
Suriname is tropical and coastal, so exotic fruits and seafood feature highly in the cuisine. Other basic ingredients include cassava, rice, potatoes, lentils, plantations and tayer.
Suriname CultureThe culture of Suriname is very diverse and dynamic with strong Asian and African influences. The population is the contribution of people from the Netherlands, India, Africa, china & Indonesia. Above 90% people belong to different countries & regions. Painting is the most fully developed graphic art. The country is well known for its kazoo music & has an Indo Caribbean tradition. The sounding of their culture is only due to the country's capital Paramaribo.
- Afobaka Airstrip
- Ape Tina Airstrip
- Botopasi Airstrip
- Cayenne Airstrip
- Gakaba Airstrip
- Johan Adolf Pengel International Airport
Posted By : All Places Map Last Updated: September 13, 2015
Flag of Suriname
Facts about Suriname
|Area||163,821 sq km|
|Currency||Surinamese Dollar (SRD)|
|Neighbours||Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana|