History of Scotland
In prehistoric Scotland, the Neolithic Era began about 4000 BC, the Bronze Age about 2000 BC & Iron Age around 700 BC. The Roman Empire arrived in the 1st century. Hadrian's Wall attempted to seal off the Roman South & to move the Roman border north was attempted by Antonine Wall. Alexander III was the last Dunkled king who died in 1286 & left only his granddaughter as heir Maragaret, Maid of Norway but she died four years later in a shipwreck. The wars of Scottish Independence fought in the late 13th & early 14th century & Scotland passed between House of Balliel & the House of Bruce. In the wars of Independence Scotland's ultimate victory was under David II, which confirmed it as a fully independent & sovereign kingdom. During the Second World War, the industries declined, but recently it has enjoyed a cultural & economic Renaissance & it is fuelled by a resurgent financial service sector & it is the proceeds.
According to 9th-10th century sources, the Scotland was found on the west coast of Gaelic kingdom, Dal Riata. The Pictish king Nechtan in England's Gregorian mission chose to abolish most Celtic Christianity for the Roman rite & restricted Gaelic influence & avoided war with Saxon Northumbria. The Viking invasions began at the end of the 8th century.
The Picts &Gaels were forced by the defeats they faced by the Norse & they had to unite in the 9th century & formed the kingdom of Scotland. It was under the descendants of Kenneth MacAlpine, first king. Modern historians knew them as the House of Alpine. Malcolm II, the last Alpine king died in the early 11th century without issue & the kingdom was taken over by his daughter's son, Duncan I & his nephew Robert II established the House of Stewart & rule Scotland foe three centuries.
James IV was the Stuart king of Scotland who inherited the throne & both the Stuart kings & queens ruled until the Act of Union in 1707 & merged into a new state, the kingdom of Great Britain.
Geography of Scotland
Scotland comprises the northern third land of the island of Great Britain, which is north-west coast of Continental Europe surrounding a total area of 78,772 km2. Its only border is with England, which is 96 km between the basin of the River Tweed. From the southwestern peninsula of Kintyre, the island of Ireland is only 30 km. Norway is 305 km to the east & the Faroes is 270 km in the north.
Scotland's territory is established in the 1237 Treaty of York between Scotland and the kingdom of England & the 1266 Treaty of Perth between Scotland & Norway. The exception includes the Isle of Man which lost to England in the 14th century & had become a crown dependency outside the United Kingdom, the island groups which were acquired from Norway in 1472 were Orkney & Shetland.
Scotland lies in the geographical center, which was a few miles from the village of Newtonmore in Badenoch. Above sea level the ft. Is 4,409 ft. The highest point of Scotland is the summit of Ben Nevis, in Lochaber & the River Tay is the Scotland's longest river.
During the Pleistocene ice ages, the whole Scotland was covered by ice & the landscape is affected by glaciations.
Climate of Scotland
Scotland's climate is temperate & oceanic & is very changeable. From the Atlantic, the Gulf Stream warms it due to which it has cooled, wetter summer than a Labrador, southern Scandinavia, the Moscow Region in Russia & the Kamchatka Peninsula on the opposite side of Eurasia. But temperatures are lower than rest part of the UK with the coldest temperature of UK -27.2°C recorded in the Grampian Mountains. In winters the average is 6°C in the lowlands & of summer is 18°C. At Greycook, Scottish Borders the highest temperature is 32.9°C.
The western part of Scotland is warmer than the eastern part because of Atlantic Ocean currents & the temperatures of the colder surface of the North Sea. The sunniest place in the country is Tiree in the Inner Hebrides with more than 300hrs of sunshine in May 1975. The wettest part is the Western Highlands with annual rainfall of 3000mm in Scotland. In the lowlands, the heavy snowfall is not common, but increases with altitude.
Natural Resources in Scotland
North sea oil & gas, coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, state, arable land.
Tourist Attraction in Scotland
Scotland is the northernmost country of the United Kingdom. It is a land of land of mountain wildernesses. They are Cairngorms and Western Highlands. The country has a number of valleys and lakes. Its major cities are Edinburgh, the capital, which is famous for its iconic castle, and Glasgow is famed for its vibrant cultural scene. Scotland is also called the home of golf. The famous tourist places are:
- Broch of Mousa
- Melrose Abbey
- Cuillin Hills
- Skara Brae
- Stirling Castle
- Luskentyre Beach
- Loch Ness
- Ben Nevis
Famous Hotels in Scotland
- The Gleneagles Hotel
- Crusoe Hotel
- The Dunstane Hotel- W Coates
- Waldorf Astoria, Edinburgh- The Caledonian
- Corsewall Lighthouse
- Culloden House Hotel
- Fonab Caste Hotel
- Ballathie House Hotel- Perthshire
- Sheraton Grand Hotel & Spa, Edinburgh
- The Marine Hotel, Troon
Cuisines of Scotland
The nation's culture is the Scottish music for both traditional & modern influences. The Great Highland Bagpipe is a wind instrument. The varying styles of individual artists in Scottish bands include Annie Lennox, Amy MacDonald, Runrig, Boards of Canada, Cocteau Twins, etc. Shirley Manson, Paolo Nutini & Calvin Harris are other Scottish musicians.
Culture of Scotland
Scotland were in the Brythonic speech of the 6th century. But now it is Welsh literature. Latin, Gaelic, Old English & French were included in medieval literature. In Early Scots the first surviving major text is the poet John Barbour's epic Brus of the 14th century. The development of Scots drama & poetry was helped by the crown's patronage in the 16th century. But James IV removed the center of literary patronage & Scots. The national broadcaster is BBC Scotland in television, which is large as the UK-wide broadcasters. It runs three national T.V stations & the national radio stations, i.e. BBC Radio Scotland & BBC Radio nan Gaidheal. Some are also in Gaelic language in Scotland. BBC Alba is national Gaelic language. STV is main Scottish commercial language. Newspapers produced in Scotland like The Daily Record, The Herald & The Scotsman are all national.
- Edinburgh Airport
- Glasgow Airport
- Prestwick Airport
- Aberdeen Airport
- Inverness Airport
- Dundee Airport
Posted By : All Places Map Last Updated: August 08, 2015