History of Saudi Arabia
Abdulaziz Al Saud was the founder of Saudi Arabia. The current position of Saudi Arabia as a state was made in the year 1932. In the 7th century it was the cradle of Islam and in the mid- 20th century the discovery of deposits of oil made the country economically stronger. For the Muslims around the world Mecca and Medina have a spiritual significance as the Mecca is the destination of the hajj pilgrimage.
In the mid of the 18th century, the religious of the Wahhabi movement was imbued. The war of the conquest which resulted in the establishment of the Saudi Arabia in 1932 was carried out by the Abdulaziz. Till his death in the 19th century since 1932, he ruled Saudi Arabia.
Saud, the immediate successor of Abdul-Aziz faced opposition from most of the royal family. He was replaced by Faisal in 1964. He presided till the period of growth and modernization, which was pushed by oil wealth. The country has increased its wealth through a rise in the oil price during the oil crisis in 1973. The Islamic extremist controlled the great mosque in Mecca in 1979. In 1982 Fahd became the king and the Saudi Arabia became the largest oil producer. A number of mild reforms to modernize the country's institution were done by Abdullah, successor of Fahd in 2005. At last, in 2015 Salman became the king.
Geography of Saudi Arabia
Arabian peninsula occupied 80% of the Saudi Arabia, which lies between 16' and 33'N longitude 34' and 56'E. The CIA world estimated that the area is 2'149'690 km/sq and it is the 13th largest state .Arabian world, semi- desert and shurbland is dominated in the Saudi Arabia. There is a large contiguous sand desert named Rub al Khali and there are no rivers or lakes but wadis. In wadis basin and oases are few fertile lands. The central plateau, which rises from the red sea ends into the Nejd towards the Persian Gulf. Asir is a mountain which has 3133 m of mount sawda, the highest point in the country.
Climate of Saudi Arabia
In Saudi Arabia except Asir, there is a desert climate with extreme temperatures and low temperatures at night. 113°F is the average summer temperature, but it can reach 129°F. The temperature in winter is below 32°F and in spring and autumn the temperature is around 84°F. The Indian monsoon influences the Asir region, and the rain usually occurs between October and March.
Natural Resources in Saudi Arabia
Wolves, hyenas, mongoose, baboons, hares, sand rats and gerbils are included in the animal life. Gazelles, Oryx and leopards were large in number till 1950s, but getting extinct when hunting from motor vehicles started. Falcons, eagles and hawk, vultures, sand grouse and bulbs are included in birds. There many species of snakes, some are venomous and also many types of lizards are here. Small herbs and shrubs mostly consist the plant life in Saudi Arabia. Date palm is wide spread.
Tourist Attraction in Saudi Arabia
Religious pilgrims largely come to Saudi Arabia. It is the land of Islam. Mecca receives more than three million pilgrims in a year during the month of Dhu al-Hijjah in Hajj. During the month of Ramadan Mecca receives around two million of pilgrims. The country is a desert country that encompasses most of the Arabian Peninsula, with Red Sea and Persian Gulf coastlines. Saudi Arabia is a desert country, encompassing most of the Arabian Peninsula, with Red Sea and Persian Gulf coastlines. The luxurious resorts and visiting places attract many visitors to this country.
Famous Hotels in Saudi Arabia
Intercontinental Taif, Taif, Saudi Arabia
Intercontinental Abha, Abha, Saudi Arabia
Hotel al khozama Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Dar al Tawhid Intercontinental Makkah, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
Ritz carton Riyadh, Riyadh Saudi Arabia
Intercontinental dar al hijra Madinah, marginal, Saudi Arabia
Makkah a clock royal tower, Makkah, Saudi Arabia is some famous hotel in Saudi Arabia.
Cuisines of Saudi Arabia
Turkish, Indian, Persian and African food influence the Saudi Arabia cuisine and is similar to the countries in the Arabian peninsula. According to Islamic dietary law park is not allowed and other animals are halal. The national dish is khuzi. It is a dish containing a stuffed lamb. Kebabsara and shawarma is a popular dish which is marinate grilled meat dish of lamb, mutton or chicken. But in other Arab countries, machbus, a rich dish with fish or shrimp, a staple of virtually every meal flat unleavened bread. As dates and fresh fruits, the traditional beverage is coffee in Turkish style.
Culture of Saudi Arabia
Arabic is the official language of the Saudi Arabia. Hejaz Arabic. Najd Arabic and Gulf Arabic are three main regional languages. Most people also speak tagalong. Rohinga and Egyptian Arabic.
All the citizens are Muslims. The population of Sunni Muslim is between 75-90% and the remaining is Shia Muslim. Sunni Islam is the dominant form in Saudi Arabia and is known as Wahhabism. In 18th century was founded by Muhammad Ibn Adb Al-Wahhab in Arabian Peninsula. Arab and Islam is cultural settings and is deeply religious, conservative, traditional and family oriented.
In the 18th century the Wahhabi Islamic movement arose following the principles of "enjoying good and bidding bad". Muslim prayer from the minarets of mosque, five times each prayer. According to Wahhabi doctrine only two religious festivals are celebrated, Eid al - Fitr and Eid al-Adha.
- King Fadh International Airport, Damman
- King Abdulaziz International Airport, Jeddah
- King Khalid International Airport, Riyadh
- King Abdulhaziz Air Base, Dhahran
- King Khalid Military City Airport, Hafar al -Batin
- Jubail Airport, Jubail
- King Abdulhaziz Naval Base, Jubail
- Ras mishab Airport, Ras Mishab
Posted By : All Places Map Last Updated: August 08, 2015
Flag of Saudi Arabia
Facts about Saudi Arabia
|Area||2,250,000 sq km|
|Currency||Saudi Riyal (SAR)|
|Neighbours||Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, UAE, Yemen|