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    World Map / Information About Qatar

    Information About Qatar



    About Qatar

    Qatar, officially the State of Qatar, is a country in southwest Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It has been ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid- 19th century. Most Qataris adhere to the strict Wahhabi interpretation of Islam. Sharia law is the main source of Qatari legislation. It is a high income economy backed by the world's third largest natural gas reserves and oil reserves. The country has the highest per capital income. Qatar is an absolute monarchy. The capital is Doha. Official language is Arabic and religion is islam. Currency of Qatar is Riyal. Qatari national anthem is "Al-Salam Al-Amiri" (Translated: Peace be to the Emir). National Bird of Qatar is falcon. National animal is a small antelope. The national flower of Qatar is "Qataf". This grows along the coast. Qatar has pink or lilac flowers from March to May.

    History of Qatar

    Ruled by al-thani family since the mid 1800s, Qatar transformed from poor British protectorate to an independent State with significant oil and natural gas revenues. During late 1980s, the economy was crippled by siphoning off of Petroleum by the amir, who had ruled since 1972. His son, Hamad bin khalifa al-Thani, overthrew him in 1995.

    Geography of Qatar

    This country is a peninsula situated in the east of Arabia and touches the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia. Qatar covers an area of 11,437 sq km, on a peninsula that roughly stretches 160 km north into the Persian Gulf from Arabian Peninsula. The texture is flat and rocky. Some notable features are elevated limestone formation, coastal salt pans and huge sand dunes covering Khawral Udayd. The Halul island is the most important and lies to 90 km east of Doha. Qatar shares its border with United Arab Emirates. It also shares its border with Saudi Arabia.

    Climate of Qatar

    Qatar has high temperatures (touching 50 degree centigrade in July- August) coupled with a 90$ humidity. This restricts outdoor activities during summer. The best time to visit Qatar is between October and April, when temperature dips. The coolest months are December, January, February.

    Natural Resources in Qatar

    Qatar's natural resources are petroleum, natural gas, fish. Qatar has the highest oil and gas reserves in the world.

    Tourist Attraction in Qatar

    Major cities in Qatar are Doha (capital), Al Rayyan, Al Wakra, Umm Said, Khor Al Udaid, Al Khor, Ras Laffan industrial city, Mesaieed, Madinat Al-Shamal, Al Ruwais, Al Zubara, Dukhan etc.
    Famous places to visit in Qatar are- Al-Jassasiya rock carvings, Museum of Islamic art, Zubara fort, Al-khoot fort, Barzan towers, Doha zoo, The Pearl, Al-Thagab fort, Fanar (Qatar Islamic cultural center), Qatar national museum.

    Famous Hotels in Qatar

    The famous hotels are-Grand Hyatt doha, Banana island resort, The Rilz Carlton sharq village and spa, The Torch doha, Four seasons hotel doha, Moevenpick tower doha, Ritz Carlton Doha, La Cigale Hotel.

    Qatar Cuisine

    Qatar is an exceptional place to illustrate all types of Gulf, Middle Eastern, Iranian and Turkish cuisine. Breakfast includes olive,cheese, yogurt and coffee. Lunch begins with appetizers, followed by fish or lamb stew, cooked vegetables, bread and fruit. Dinner is served late in the evening and is light.
    Local plates are matchbous (spiced lamb with rice), Hareis(wheat, lamb, seafood, rice). Desserts include khabees (contains semolina, rosewater, cardommom, saffron, nuts, dates). There is Lugaymat (dumplings fried in deep oil and sweetened using honey or sugar syrup).There is also Arabian coffee.
    Muslim Qatari never eats Pork. They eat halal meat (meat cut according to muslim traditions).

    Qatar Culture

    The culture of Qatar is strongly influenced by traditional Bedouin culture, with less acute influence deriving from India, East Africa and elsewhere in Persian Gulf. There are harsh climatic conditions and so the people turn to sea for sustenance. Literature and folklore is also more related to sea-based activities. In the past some tribes were nomadic, living in tents. Now most people have settled in cities and towns and do jobs. Families live in individual houses. Hospitality is an important feature. Male guests are received in majlis (reception area). Men and women rarely socialize together.
    The main religion is islam hence Islamic festivals are celebrated with pomp and pride. There is Eid Al Fitr which is end of Ramadan, and Eid Al-Adha. This is a festival to celebrate brotherhood and unity. Ramadan is a month of fasting. Eid ul- Adha is a festival during which Prophet Ibrahim assented to sacrifice his son Ishmael for God. Other festivals are diwali, dusshera and Christmas which have came from settlement of Indians and Christians.

    International Airports in Qatar

    Major airports of Qatar are Al Khor airport, Doha international airport, Hamad international airport, al Udeid air base etc.
    Posted By : All Places Map Last Updated: November 11, 2015

    Flag of Qatar

    Facts about Qatar

    CountryQatar
    ContinentAsia
    CapitalDoha
    GovernmentUnitary
    Independence Day3-Sep-71
    ClimateArid
    Area11,437 sq km
    CurrencyRiyal (QAR)
    Dialling Code974
    NeighboursSaudi Arabia