History of Cote d'Ivoir
The first contact with European Nations was in 1482 when Portuguese sailors landed on its coast. The French dominated the region and had a firm holding in the late 19th century. Pacification with other leaders was not established until as late as 1915. The French were able to make deals with the leaders and were successful in putting them under French protection.
The French established forced labours and drafted people to work in mines and plantations. They were indented for use in the army without any rights. The French discriminated with the locals and this gave rise to resentment in the country. In 1914 the country was under threat from German invasion and many people were recruited to fight. About 150,000 of the indigenous people perished due to warfare in the First World War. In the Second World War, the French were prepared and used their colony of the Ivory Coast wisely. Due to loyalty of the people the French gave the people of Ivory Coast full rights and citizenship to France. They also made many reforms in the country.
The country attained its freedom from the French in 1960. However the country had very friendly ties with the French. For this reason the country prospered. The country recruited immigrants that were coming from the other countries and gave them work. That way production of export goods was boosted. The country was third in production of coffee right after Brazil and Colombia. It became the chief exporter of cocoa.
The country faced a good growth till 1980. After that the country gradually declined due to strife and Civil wars. The then ruling leader Bédié created policies that lead to discrimination among the various ethnic groups of the country and it led to instability in the country. After that the country has repeatedly been in civil wars and there are still conflicts rising in different parts of the country.
Geography of Cote d'Ivoir
The country has its borders with Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia and Mali, and one side of the country faces the Gulf of Guinea.
1) The country has mostly flat plains.
2) Occasionally as we move away from the sea the contour gradually starts to be undulating.
3) The country has a few mountains in the northwest.
4) The country is riddled with many rivers.
The highest pointis MontsNimba 1,752 m and the lowest point is Gulf of Guinea 0m.
Climate of Cote d'Ivoir
The climate of the country is tropical along the coast. It is very pleasant to stay near the coastline.The climate is semiarid in the far north as one move’s away from the Gulf. The country experiences mainly three seasons - warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October).
Natural Resources in Cote d'Ivoir
The country is rich in natural resources. Some of them are petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper, gold, nickel, tantalum, silica sand, clay, cocoa beans, coffee, palm oil and hydropower.
Tourist Attraction in Cote d'Ivoir
The country has many important cities that are of significance in Africa. They are Abidjan, San Pedro and Yamoussoukro.
Some of the most famous tourist spots are Basilica of Our Lady of Peace (Yamoussoukro), Dipi Crocodile Farm (Assinie), St. Paul's Cathedral (Abidjan), Parker Place - Reggae Specialist (Abidjan), Musee National des Costumes (Grand Bassam), Caffe Del Mare (GrandBassam) and The Plateau (Abidjan).
Famous Hotels in Cote d'Ivoir
The following hotels have been recommended by travellers as the best for staying in Ivory Coast.
- Detente Hotel
- Villa Anakao
- African Queen Lodge
- Enotel Beach
- Les Paletuviers
- Sofitel Abidjan Hotel Ivoire
Cote d'Ivoir Cuisine
The cuisine of Ivory Coast is greatly in common with its neighbouring countries. Its main meal comprises tubers and grains. Cassava and plantains are the best ingredients of their cuisine. Aitiu is a ball made of corn paste. It is served with peanuts. Attieke is a side dish made with grated cassava. There are many different types of non-vegetarian dishes as well that is consumed in the country. Fish is also included in the diet.
Cote d'Ivoir Culture
There are more than sixty ethnic groups in the country that have been recognised and segregated. The main tribes of the country are the Baoule, Agri, Senufo, Dioula, Bete and Dan-Yacouba. They are scattered all across the nation. Akan is a major cultural group of the country which is dispersed nationwide. The religion of the country is primarily Islam followed by Christianity. Other than that there is an indigenous religion. They believe in the existence of a deity which has only one true form and the natives worship it as such. They offer prayers and flowers as offerings regularly.
The sport of the country is mainly football and Rugby, each team has their own national team and club. The other major sports of the country are Athletics, Basketball, Boxing, Cyclingand Handball.
The major festivals of the country are Carnival in Bouaké, Fête du Dipri, Independence Day, Fêtes des Masques, Christmas Day, Islam-Related Holidays.
There are many airports in the country. However, Port Bouet Airport (Felix HouphouetBoigny Int'l) is the only international airport.
Posted By : All Places Map Last Updated: August 08, 2015
Flag of Cote Dlvorie