History of Costa Rica
The Diquis culture is a major contributor to world heritage and the rock sphere designed by them is used as the country’s cultural identity. The Spanish came to the shores of the country in the 18th century and found the place lacking natural resources and manpower. The country though being a part of the Spanish colony was left to govern on its own. Conditions in the country were impoverished and the Costa Ricans faced tough times.
After the fall of Spain in the Mexican wars in 1821 the country got its freedom. It joined various regional alliances but was largely unaffected by their presence. After Federal Republic of Central America became defunct in 1939 the country declared itself to be a sovereign nation and developed on its own. The economy of the country was driven by their chief export of coffee to the European markets. For this reason a method of transportation was needed to transport the coffee from the plantations to the docks. An American contractor was given the permit to build railroads and the payment was made in land and train lease. The land owner started cultivating bananas in the given area and it started to rival coffee exports. The country experienced two civil wars, with the second one being bloodier. A group of armed forces were successful in taking over the government in the year 1948 as a rebellion against the former government. The coup being a success the leaders established a temporary junta government. The standing army of the country was disbanded and a formal constitution was enacted in 1949 and the junta then ceded all its power. After that regular elections have been held and they were fair and completely transparent.
In modern times, Costa Rica is the most developed nation in terms of human resource development. It is also a leading economy and has diversified from being an agriculture based country to other areas as well like pharmaceuticals, ecotourism etc.
Geography of Costa Rica
The country has a lot of coastal plains and that is used for marine based economy. They are separated by high mountains.
1) There are 14 volcanoes in the country and 6 of them have been active in the past 75 years.
2) The largest lake in Costa Rica is Lake Arenal.
3) The geographical structure of the country is called an isthmus.
4) The country is also the owner of a lot of islands surrounding it.
The highest point in the country is Cerro Chirripo 3,810 m and the lowest point is Pacific Ocean 0m.
Climate of Costa Rica
The country experiences a combination of tropical and sub-tropical climates. It is cooler at the mountains at higher altitudes. There is a dry and a wet season both lasting for about three months.
Natural Resources in Costa Rica
There are no known natural resources in the country. However due to presence of a large number of rivers, streams and high mountains it is an ideal location for utilising hydropower.
Tourist Attraction in Costa Rica
The main city of the country is San Jose which is also the capital of the city. The major tourist attractions are Playa Santa Teresa, Playa Hermosa, Playa Carmen, Pura Aventura (El Guapote), Kingpin Sportfishing, Proyecto Asis, La Fortuna Waterfall.
Famous Hotels in Costa Rica
These are the hotels which have been rated the best by travellers and tourists.
- Horizon Ocean View Hotel and Yoga Center
- Casas de Soleil
- Los Altos de Eros
- Hotel Capitan Suizo
- Nayara Hotel, Spa & Gardens
- Tabacon Grand Spa Thermal Resort
Costa Rica Cuisine
The Costa Rican cuisine is mainly traditional Mesoamerican in nature. However with the advent of the Spanish, many new spices and domesticated animals were introduced to the country as well. With the passage of time the country acquired some Caribbean and African flavours to its original cuisine as well. The traditional base of Costa Rica is rice and black beans. This is served three times a day. In addition to this there are other exotic vegetables and fruits that are consumed.
Costa Rica Culture
The ethnicity of the country is mostly castizos and mestizos. There are small fractions of Chinese, Spanish, Africans, Mulattoes and Native Americans. The religion practised is Christianity and is widespread. Only a small fraction practice Buddhism and an even smaller fraction practice other religions. The Costa Rica has always been a location where the cultures of the North America and the South have mixed together. This led to a new culture having the best of both cultures. Dances like salsa, merengue etc. are practiced by the citizens and forms a part of their identity. The country has a national team for football and in the 2014 world cup they reached the quarter finals.
The main airport for the country is Juan Santamaria International Airport.
Posted By : All Places Map Last Updated: August 08, 2015
Flag of Costa-rica
Facts about Costa Rica
|Independence Day||September 15, 1821|
|Area||51,100 sq km|
|Currency||Costa Rican Colon (CRC)|