History of Congo
In the later part of 19th century, the country was taken over by the Belgian. King Leopold II began using it as a colony for the country. The natural resources of the country were drained by the use of the local people. The indigenous people were forced to work. They were abused by the Belgian King. Many of the people died due to poor working conditions and disease like the sleeping sickness.
In 1908 Congo was taken over by the Belgian Government. It was during this time that Congo was directly involved with both the World Wars. In the First World War, the locally recruited army force called Force Publique fought against the German invasion and was successful in securing a notable victory. In the Second World War, the colony of Congo under Belgium was used for generating resources to aid in the war effort. It fought against the Italians and was again victorious.
In 1960 the country achieved its independence and a democracy was established. The new government was very fragile and soon power struggles broke out. Order was maintained by foreign intervention in the country. Soon after the collapse of the U.S.S.R. foreign influence dwindled and civil wars started to take place. The government was also a façade. The employees were embezzling funds from the government.
Two Rwandan wars took place in the last part of the 20th century and early 21st century and that killed almost 5.4 million of the population.
Democratic Republic of Congo is extremely rich in natural resources, however continuing war and fighting is the reason why human and economic development is not at its optimum.
Geography of Congo
Democratic Republic of Congo shares its borders with Angola, Burundi, Central African, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. The country being very large experiences a diverse range of climate.
The geographical features of Congo are
1) There is a vast central basin which is actually a low lying plateau.
2) There are mountains on the eastern side of the country.
3) It is rich in natural resources.
The lowest point in Congo is the Atlantic Ocean 0 m and the highest point is Pic Marguerite on Mont Ngaliema (Mount Stanley) 5,110m.
Climate of Congo
The country mainly experiences a tropical climate. It is hot and humid near the equator, cooler and drier in the Southern Highlands, cooler and wetter in the Eastern Highlands.
Natural Resources in Congo
The natural resources of the country are cobalt, copper, niobium, tantalum, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, uranium, coal, hydropower and timber.
Important cities in Congo
Important cities of the country are Kinshasa, Goma and South Kivu Province.
Tourist Attraction in Congo
Major tourist attractions in the city are Mount Nyiragongo (Goma), Lola ya Bonobo (Kinshasa), Zongo Falls (Kinshasa), Parc National des Virunga, Lake Kivu (Goma), Ma Vallee (Kinshasa), Kahuzi-Biega National Park (South Kivu Province), Mount Stanley and Okapi Wildlife Reserve (Orientale Province).
Famous Hotels in Congo
The following are the major hotels of the country which provide good comfort to tourists
- Hotels – Havre de Paix
- Hotel Royal
- Grand Karavia Hotel
- Leon Hotel
- Hotel Amaritsah
- Orchids Safari Club
- Hotel Memling
Cassava is the main dish of the country. It is consumed with various other side dishes. There are a variety of crops cultivated in the country and they are mainly for subsistence, not export. Some of the cultivated crops are maize, rice, cassava, sweet potato, yam, taro, plantain, tomatoes, pumpkin and a diversified cultivation of various peas and nuts.
Congolese food is a combination of a starch base with side dishes of meat and vegetable in the form of stew. The starch dishes are called fufu or ugali and made of cassava or corn flour. The starch base is rolled into balls and dipped in the stew and eaten with sauce.
There were many indigenous groups present in the country. It is because of that the country has such a diverse culture. Even though the country has faced a lot of hardship since the colonialism of the Belgians in the 19th century and after facing the first and second Congo wars, the country still has maintained most of its original cultures and tradition.
There are many sports practised in the country. The main sport being basketball is widely practised. Congo is well known for its NBA players.
Congo has many airports scattered throughout the country. There are four international airports. They are
- Goma International Airport
- N'Djili International Airport (Kinshasa Int'l)
- Bangoka International Airport
- Lubumbashi International Airport
Posted By : All Places Map Last Updated: August 08, 2015
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