History of Chile
In the 16th century, Chile was invaded by the Spanish Conquistadors. This was the first influence of European powers and Chile was a very resilient country. It faced opposition against the Spanish but still they fought very well. The Mapuche held back the advance of the Spanish and fought them head to head in a war of attrition. Finally the colony revolted against the Spanish and gained its freedom in 18th September 1810. From then on 18th September is observed as National Day. The Spanish again tried to recapture Chile but it was an effort in vain as the people were expert in combat in the rough terrain. They established a junta form of government and successfully organized themselves. They fought with the local people and expanded the borders both in the North and in South, gaining valuable natural resources in the process. This in turn benefitted the economy of the country, and it gradually prospered.
The country however was predominated with the influence of many powerful houses. The landowners were wealthy and had significant influence over the decisions of the country. The country was also influenced by the power of the Christian Church, who held a major role in the shaping of the country.
Gradually when the country reached the 20th century democratic practices were established. There were many members of the Congress and there rose the emergence of Marxist groups. This rivalry in turn led to several hostile situations and also a lot of conflict in the country. There arose many civil wars inside the country and a huge loss in life was recorded.
In the 1990’s there came another major social reform and proper democracy ensued. After that Chile has seen its share of welfare and prosperity.
Now Chile is one of the most prosperous nations of South America. It is a leader in rankings of human development, competition, per capita income, globalization etc.
Geography of Chile
Chile is surrounded by Peru, Bolivia and Argentina on one side and by the Pacific on the other. The country is very long, stretching a length of 4,300 km from North to South. However its width is very small, only 350 km across.
The sheer length of the country makes it experience a huge difference in flora and fauna found on the mainland. For this reason there exists a great biodiversity in the country. Chile is also one of the countries that have the largest beaches due to its sheer length and proximity to the Pacific Ocean.
The Highest point is Chile is Ojos Del Salado in Atacama (desert region) standing at 6,891 m above sea level. The lowest point in Chileis the Pacific Ocean itself at 0m from sea level.
There is a great diversity in fauna but the flora is more diversified. The Humboldt Current provides a good breeding ground for fishes. Chile being close to the Humboldt Current is at close proximity to good fishing grounds.
Some facts about Chile are :
1) It is located in the Pacific Ring of Fire a group of Active volcanoes that erupt frequently.
2) The Northern part of the country is arid and has the Atacama Desert.
3) The Southern part of the country is faced with cold climate which is a stark contrast to the northern part.
4) The country experiences seven different types of climatic variations.
Climate of Chile
The climate in the country is diversified. It experiences arid climate in the north, Mediterranean climate in the middle of the country and humid subtropical in the adjacent Easter Island. In addition to these three the country also experiences oceanic climate and alpine tundra climate.
Natural Resources in Chile
Natural resources of the country are copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum and hydropower.
Tourist Attraction in Chile
There are many famous places in the country. The prominent cities of Chile are Santiago Metropolis, Greater Valapariso, Greater Concepcion, Greater La Sarena.
The major tourist attractions are Torres Del Paine National Park, San Cristobal Hill, La Moneda Palace and Lauca National Park.
Famous Hotels in Chile
The famous hotels in the country for tourists are :
- Green Baker Lodge
- Hotel Aranjuez
- Hotel Naguilan
The cuisine of Chile is a mixed variety of all the different styles of cooking of the inhabitants. They are borrowed from the Europeans, the Native Americans and the indigenous people of the country. The main diet of the people of Chile features a gathering of the different types of seafood, beef, fruits and vegetables.
The traditional recipes of Chile include asado, cazuela, empanadas, humitas, pastel de choclo, pastel de papas, curanto and sopaipillas. These are mainly borrowed from the Quechua Andean cuisine, an indigenous people of Chile.
The culture of Chile is Andean in the Northern part and Mapuche in the Southern parts. The ethnicity of the population of the country is either European or mostly Natives.
The main religion is Christianity.
Association Football is the major sport of the country and has a huge following. Being a fun loving country and having a diversified ethnic population, many different festivals take place in the country. The predominant ones are Vina Del Mar Music Festival, Carnival Andino Con la Fuerza Del Sol, Fiestas Patrias and Festival de la Tirana.
There are many International Airports in the country and they are as follows
- Chacalluta International Airport (Arica)
- Diego Aracena International Airport (Iquique)
- Cerro Moreno International Airport (Antofagasta)
- Carriel Sur International Airport (Concepción)
- El Tepual International Airport (Puerto Montt)
- Presidente Carlos Ibáñez del Campo International Airport (Punta Arenas)
- Mataveri International Airport (Easter Island)
Posted By : All Places Map Last Updated: August 08, 2015
Flag of Chile
Facts about Chile
|Independence Day||September 18, 1810|
|Climate||Arid, Mediterranean and Maritime|
|Area||757,000 sq km|
|Currency||Chilean Peso (CLP)|
|Neighbours||Argentina, Bolivia, Peru|