History of Central African Republic
The country has many rivers flowing through it. Because of that it has a lot of fertile land near the riverbeds. For this reason the people settled near the major rivers such as the Nile, Congo, Mbomou etc.
Central Africa remained largely unexplored, but by the 16th to 18th century it was raided by Muslim slave traders repeatedly. They used the rivers to carry them elsewhere and sold them off to people all around the world.
After that during the 19th century there was a mad scramble for colonies in Africa and the French were successful in occupying the present Central African Republic. Under the French the Africans were used as menial workers and were used in the construction of railways. Many of the natives perished due to exceedingly poor working conditions. The French finally ceded control in the year 1960 and Central African Republic was established.
From 1960 to 1990 the Central African Republic was governed by many autocratic leaders. In 1990 after the fall of the Berlin wall the masses demanded a democratic form of government. The first legislature was set up in 1993 and Central Africa was formally Central African Republic.
There have been numerous conflicts after that and Central African Republic still is a war torn country.
Right now Central African Republic is in the top ten poorest countries in the world.
Geography of Central African Republic
Central African Republic is actually entirely located on a plateau. It is completely landlocked. It is surrounded by Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Republic of Congo and Cameroon.
1) Two-thirds of the country is a part of Ubungi river basin.
2) Remaining third of the country is in Chori river basin.
3) The terrain is mainly a rolling plateau.
4) It comprises Savannah.
5) The General height of the plateau is 500m above sea level.
6) The country though landlocked is criss-crossed with many rivers like Congo, Mbomou, Nile, Sangha etc. Although landlocked it does not face any crisis of water. However, desertification remains a prominent problem.
The total area of the country is 622,984 square kilometres with a population of 4.7 million people. Lumber poaching in the country is a prominent problem.
Climate of Central African Republic
The country experiences a tropical climate with wet seasons from June to September. The country is also subject to occasional hot, dry, dusty winds. It is popularly called Harmattan.
Natural Resources in Central African Republic
The country is bountiful with a lot of natural resources like uranium, crude oil, gold, diamonds, lumber, hydropower due to large rivers. It also contains a lot of arable land for cultivation of crops.
Tourist Attraction in Central African Republic
Although the country is torn apart by war and internal strife, there are bountiful flora and fauna in the country that make it a popular place to visit for foreign tourists. Some of the famous places in Central African Republic are Mnovo-Gounda St. Floris National Park, Boganda National Museum, Dzanga-Sangha Special Reserve, Bamingui-Bangoran National Park and Biosphere Reserve, Andre Felix National Park.
The wildlife of the Savannah serve as a major tourist attraction and it is because of that reason that people visit that country a lot.
Famous Hotels in Central African Republic
Although it is difficult to find accommodation in a country such as Central African Republic, still these hotels are really famous for their beauty and location.
- Hotel Ledger Plaza Bangui
- Bangui Hotel
- Hotel Paradis Palace de la Lobaye
- National Hotel
Central African Republic Cuisine
The staple diet of the inhabitants of Africa comprises millets, sorghum, banana, yam, okra, yellow onion, garlic, spinach, rice and palm oil. Meat is not readily available in the country, although people do consume chicken and goat. The main source of protein is fish as there are ample opportunities in all the rivers flowing through the country. Other than that there are insects also that serve as food.
Common foods and dishes are Bushmeat, Cassava and Cassava Greens, Chicken and Chicken Stew.
Central African Republic Culture
The populace of Central African Republic is now comprised of mixed races. There are 80 ethnic groups in the country. The main groups of people are Ba ya, Banda, Mandija, Sara, Mboum, M’Baka, Yakoma and Fula/Fulani. The other majority are mainly Europeans of French descent. The main religion of the country is Christianity followed by Islam. There are also native religious practices like animism are still prevalent. The chief festival of Central African Republic that is not a Christian celebration is their Independence Day on the 13th of August every year. Other than that they have all the holidays as a Christian Nation.
The entire country has only one International airport. That is Bangui M’Poko International Airport located in Bangui. Other than that there are docks inside the country in river beds and serve as sources of transport.
Posted By : All Places Map Last Updated: August 08, 2015
Flag of Central African Republic
Facts about Central African Republic
|Country||Central African Republic|
|Area||622,984 sq km|
|Currency||Central African CFA franc (XAF)|
|Neighbours||Cameroon, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Sudan|