History of Bangladesh
Around the 13th century, Bengal was under the deft rule of the Muslim Rulers. Though their rule saw its decline when in 15th century, the European Explorers gradually set their foot on the land of Bengal. Among the traders were the Portuguese, Dutch, French and the British though the British Traders namely the East India Company was persistent in having it’s regime over the land for over 200 years.
With the termination of the Second World War in 1945, the British were under the pressure of reducing their territory. This resulted in the famous British policy of "The Divide and Rule". Viceroy Lord Mountbatten was given responsibility in reestablishing the subcontinent’s sovereignty. The fear of the Muslims that an independent India would be dominated by Hindus resulted in riots and protests by the Muslims demanding separate land for their community. Their demand was fulfilled when Lord Mountbatten ordered partition in June 1947. Two provinces were formed namely – India or Hindustan and Pakistan. All the Muslims of Eastern India (Bengal) were amalgamated with the Muslims in the western part (Punjab) to form Pakistan. So, it was West Pakistan and East Pakistan.
Besides sharing the Muslim religion in common the two parts had nothing in common. There were no matches in culture, language. The Western part spoke Urdu as their language and the Eastern part spoke Bengali. Moreover, the Eastern part felt oppressed as they were not entertained much from the far away capital in the West. Finally the decision of the Government of making only Urdu the national language lit the fire among the Eastern Pakistanis to demand their separate province.
There were riots and protests and Pakistan was against the separation. The revolution was confronted by Pakistan as they sent their troops to settle the uprisings. India aided in favour of the movement for Independence and their guerilla troops fought against the Pakistani in the battle. Soon Pakistan was en-crumbled by the Indian Army as they were attacked from all directions. The War ended with over 3 million casualties and the birth of the new province of Bangladesh. Bangladesh declared its independence on 26st March 1971.
Geography of Bangladesh
Bangladesh is mostly bounded by India in the north, west and east. The country also shares its borders with Myanmar in the Eastern parts. The Bay of Bengal borders the Southern part of the country. The physiography of Bangladesh is classified into two parts namely:
- The Fertile alluvial plain or the Bangladeshi plain stretching in the Central part of the country. It is also known as the Lower Gangetic Plain.
- The mountain ranges of Chittagong in the South-East.
- The low hills of the Sylhet in the North-East.
- The Highlands of the North and North-East.
Another distinct feature of the physiography of Bangladesh is the distinctive mangrove vegetation in the vast wetlands of Sunderban in the southern parts.
Bangladesh covers a total area of 1, 43,998 sq. kms and has a coastline of 580 kms.
The Highest point of Bangladesh is in the Mowdok Range (1052m) and
The lowest point is the Indian Ocean (at sea level).
The longest river of Bangladesh is the Jamuna flowing 24,140 kms across the land.
Climate of Bangladesh
Bangladesh experiences a tropical monsoon climate. The summers are hot and the average temperature is 40o C with April being the hottest month of the country. The winters are relatively mild having average temperature of 10oC. January marks the coldest month of the country. Bangladesh experiences heavy rainfall and floods in the month of June. The average annual rainfall of Bangladesh ranges 1,600 mm.
Natural Resources in Bangladesh
The natural resources of Bangladesh are coal, timber, cultivable land and natural gas.
Important Cities in Bangladesh
- Cox’s Bazar
Tourist Attraction in Bangladesh
- Patenga Beach, Chittagong
- Kakrail Mosque, Dhaka
- HussainiDalan, Dhaka
- Dhanmondi Lake, Dhaka
- Ramna Park, Dhaka
- Liberation War Museum, Segunbagicha , Dhaka
- Sixty Dome Mosque, Dhaka
- SomapuraMahavihara, Paharpur Bihar
- Lalbagh Fort, Dhaka
- Martin’s Island , Bengal
Famous Hotels in Bangladesh
The famous hotels of Bangladesh are
- Radisson Water Garden Hotel Dhaka
- Ruposhi Bangla Hotel
- The Peninsula Chittagong
- Rose View Hotel Sylhet
- Seagull Hotel, Cox’s Bazar
- Pan pacific Sonargaon
- Dhaka Regency Hotel
- Six Seasons Hotel
- Hotel Sarina Dhaka
- Best Western La Vinci Hotel
The cuisine of Bangladesh is circumscribed by rice, fish and lentil that constitute the main course. The popular dishes of Bangladesh are
- IlishMacherPaturi (hilsa steamed wrapped in banana leaf)
The popular beverages are tea and lassi.
Some of the busiest airports of Bangladesh at a glance are:
- Barisal Airport
- Comilla Airport
- Cox’z Bazar Airport
- Zia International Airport
- Jessore Airport
- Khulna Airport
- Osmani International Airport
Posted By : All Places Map Last Updated: April 26, 2015
Flag of Bangladesh
Facts about Bangladesh
|Area||147,570 sq km|