History of Australia
In 1770, New South Wales was colonized by the British without any resistance when Captain James Cook set foot at the Botany Bay and gradually European colonization started on the arrival of Arthur Philip in 1788, on 26th January. The day is celebrated as Australia Day.
Gradually the hype in population resulted in expansion and discovery of new islands like Queensland, Northern Territory, Victoria and South Australia. Remarkable events like Gold Rush and the Depression occurred in the years 1850 and 1890 respectively.
In the 1st World War, Australia being under British colonization, supplied soldiers in the form of ANZACS (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) to gain American and British control over Turkey which was a German ally to have a safe sea route to Russia. The attempt failed after huge casualties.
In the 2nd World War, Australia again formed part of the British alignment, and were posted in North Africa. But the involvement of Japan threatened the safety of Australia. Japanese submarine managed to stealth in and destroy an Australian ship resulting in 21 casualties. However the Aussies fought back and pushed the Japanese over New Guinea. There was 37000 Australian casualties in the 2nd World War. The Independence of Australia came in the form of formation of the Commonwealth of Australia as an amalgamation of six states comprising individual parliament and government on 1st January 1901.
Geography of Australia
Australia is acknowledged as the smallest continent though it ranks 6th in terms of area amongst the countries of the world. Being an island nation it is demarcated by the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. The general characteristic of the Australian landmass is low-lying, flat and dry. Australia has its geographical diversities comprising snow-capped Australian Alps and arid deserts. The geographical zones are classified as:
- The Eastern Highlands comprising the Great Diving Range
- The Eastern Lowlands andAlluvial Plains
- The South Australian Highlands
- The Western Plateau
- The Central Deserts
- Northern Plateau and Basin
Australia has a total land area of 7,686,850 sq. km comprising 99% land and only 1% inland water. The coastline spans 25,765 kms.
The highest point of Australia is Mount Kosciuszko (2,228m) and
The lowest point is Lake Eyre (15m below sea level).
The longest river of Australia is Murray River (2,375km).
Climate of Australia
Australian climate is also diverse as its geography. Though its diversity most of Australia experience arid to semi-arid climate. The rainfall is scarce and temperatures are often high. The south eastern and south western part has a temperate climate and the northern part experiences complete tropical climate.
Natural Resources in Australia
The natural resources of Australia comprise bauxite, copper, coal, tin, iron ore, gold, silver, uranium, tungsten, nickel, lead, zinc, diamonds, rare earth elements, mineral sands, petroleumand natural gas.
Famous Cities of Australia
- Alice Springs
Tourist Attraction in Australia
- Sydney and its Harbors specially the Sydney Opera House
- The Great Barrier Reef
- The complete Island State of Tasmania
- The city of Melbourne
- Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park
- The Great Ocean Road
- Kakadu National Park
- Gold Coast of Queensland
- The Barossa Valley
- The Kimberleys
Famous Hotels in Australia
- Simpsons of Potts Point Hotel (Sydney)
- Coconut Grove (Queensland)
- Bali Hai Resort and Spa (Western Australia)
- Kewarra Beach Resort (Cairns)
- Windmills Break (Western Australia)
- Summit Apartments
- Wolgan Valley Resort and Spa (New South Wales)
- Martinique on Macrossan
- Southern Ocean Lodge (South Australia)
- Akama Resort
Australia being an island nation consumes mostly sea food. Some of the popular dishes of Australia are Vegemite, Violet Crumble, Dim Sim, Lamingtons, Damper (bread prepared usually without yeast), Pavlova. Barbeque is also famous among the Australians. They have the root of their cuisine from the British.
Some of the important airports of Australia are:
- Sydney Airport
- Melbourne Airport
- Brisbane Airport
- Perth Airport
- Adelaide Airport
- Gold Coast Airport
- Cairns Airport
- Canberra International Airport
- Hobart International Airport
- Darwin International Airport
- Townsville Airport
Posted By : All Places Map Last Updated: August 08, 2015
Flag of Australia
Facts about Australia
|Climate||Arid, Semi-arid, Temperate and Tropical|
|Area||7,617,930 sq km|
|Currency||Australian Dollar (AUD)|